What varieties of cucumbers are best planted in open ground for pickling

What varieties of cucumbers are best planted in open ground for pickling

Who among us does not like crispy cucumbers: fresh, lightly salted, canned, salted. We use most of them in salted form. No good holiday table is complete without such an appetizer as pickles. They are present in almost all salads from autumn to spring, without them and vinaigrette or vinaigrette.

But experienced housewives know that not every variety of cucumber is suitable for conservation... You can close different cucumbers according to the same recipe and the result will be completely different. Cucumbers do not always turn out to be plump and crunchy, the reason lies in the correctness of the variety chosen for pickling. In this review, we will talk about which varieties of cucumbers should be planted in open ground for pickling.

Criteria for the selection of pickled cucumbers

Cucumbers have three purposes:

  • Salads used only fresh. Such cucumbers have small white thorns or they are absent on an absolutely smooth plump skin (which does not let the pickle into the fruit well), their peel is from white to dark green. When preserved, they become soft and tasteless;
  • Salted, small in size. They are suitable for consumption and fresh, but their peel is dense, one might say harsh, but in brine they are amazing, hard, crunchy, the names of the best varieties are given below;
  • Universal, they mainly include the latest generation hybrids. Cucumbers up to 100 mm in size are used both for eating fresh and for pickling, preferably pickling.

For salting, choose medium cucumbers up to 15 cm long, with a dense skin. When pressing the fruit with a fingernail, the peel should be easily pierced. The presence of black thorns on the fruit is mandatory. It is their presence on the greens that ensures the porosity of the dense peel and contributes to the better penetration of the brine into the cucumber, giving the fruits in salting the crunchiness so beloved by everyone.

Description of the best pickling varieties, which one to choose?

The best pickled cucumbers that have stood the test of time are old Russian varieties, the description and characteristics are given below:

Nezhinsky

The old Ukrainian variety Nezhinsky has not yet lost its popularity due to its high taste, productivity, and drought resistance. Vegetable of medium early ripening period (47-55 days). Unlike hybrids, you can harvest your own seeds from it. On its basis, varieties of the so-called "Nezhinsky dynasty" were developed, which are also good for salting: Nezhinsky-12, Nezhinsky Kuban, Era, Nosovsky, Nezhinka.

Crisp

Medium ripening bee-pollinated hybrid (50 days)... Abundantly bears fruit throughout the summer, the size of zelents is up to 100 mm.

Beregovoy

Medium early ripening high yielding cucumber (47-51 days), on the surface of the fruit there are large tubercles and their length is up to 120 mm.

Muromsky

One of the oldest Russian varieties originally from the city of Murom. Early maturing, pollinated by bees of very early maturation (32-42 days).

Far Eastern

Ripening in medium terms (40-55 days), pollinated by bees, fruits are medium lumpy, up to 15 cm.

Great

Medium early large tuberous hybrid, cucumbers up to 12 cm long, with a friendly return of the harvest.

Parisian gherkin

Early (40-45 days), bee-pollinated hybrid Parisian gherkin. Large tuberous greens are devoid of bitterness in taste, up to 11 cm in size.

Vyaznikovsky

Bee-pollinated, early variety (40-55 days), small lumpy cucumbers up to 11 cm resistant to short-term cold snap.

These varieties are time-tested and almost never fail with the harvest. Experiencing new selection on the site, these old-timers by gardeners still have a place in the garden - just in case. They are ideal for salting, both in size and taste.

All pickling varieties are prone to rapid yellowing of fruits, therefore, they need regular harvesting (every 2 days), which also stimulates the formation of new cucumber ovaries.

The most popular cucumbers for winter harvesting

The most popular cucumber varieties are:

Hermann

Herman - Parthenocarpic early (41-47 days) hybrid ovary of the fasciculate type, medium tuberous greens up to 10 cm long, sweet in taste and absolutely no bitterness.

Hector

The super-early hybrid (30-36 days) has compact bushes, a bundle-shaped ovary. Large-tuberous cucumbers Hector, 10-12 cm in size, have a dark color and a pronounced cucumber aroma.

Zozulya

Early (46-48 days) self-pollinated hybrid, large lumpy elongated fruits 14-22 cm in size... With insufficient watering, bitterness appears in Zozul cucumbers.

Courage

Courage is an early ripening hybrid (38-44 days) that does not need pollination, requiring a minimum of attention when growing. Fruits up to 15 cm in size.

Phoenix

Late-ripening (55-65 days) bee-pollinated Phoenix hybrid with fruits up to 16 cm, thick skin. The plant is well adapted to temperature extremes, heat and drought. The fruits do not turn yellow for a long time.

Aquarius

Medium early in need of pollination (43-48 days), single type ovary. Fruits are large lumpy, up to 12 cm in size, excellent to taste.

Game

Pollinated by bees, in terms of ripening it belongs to the mid-season (48-52 days), has lumpy fruits up to 11 cm in size.

Moscow Nights

Medium ripening (42-45 days) self-pollinated hybrid, lumpy fruits up to 14 cm in size.

Marinda

Self-pollinated high-yield hybrid of Marinda of average (40-55 days) ripening period. Fruits - large-lumpy gherkins up to 10 cm long have an even shape, there is absolutely no bitterness in them.

The best universal varieties: names and characteristics

The best varieties of universal use include the following:

Fontanelle

Bee-pollinated hybrid Spring medium ripening (48-55 days), small knobby fruits up to 12 cm long resistant to a complex of diseases.

Bush

Bee-pollinated early maturing, with fruits of an ovoid-oblong shape, 9-12 cm long... They have a long shelf life.

Kid

Baby - early maturing (40-43 days) bee-pollinated, with ellipsoid large tuberous fruits up to 9 cm long.

Bush cucumber varieties are small, compact bushes intended for outdoor cultivation only. The main harvest is given together in the first 3 weeks of fruiting.

Tom Thumb

Early ripe (39-41 days) gherkin Boy with a finger with a tuft type of ovary, small tuberous greens up to 11 cm long do not have voids in the pulp.

Masha

Very early (35-39 days) self-pollinated hybrid Masha with a bundle type of ovary and long-term fruiting. Large tuberous gherkins without bitterness and have excellent taste.

Delpina

Early (40-45 days) high-yielding hybrid with fruits up to 12 cm longresistant to high temperatures, therefore recommended for summer re-cultivation.

Competitor

The competitor is a medium early variety (43-53 days), fruitful. Large lumpy fruits up to 12 cm long.

Pickled cucumber - the best variety for mass pickling

Salting is a unique variety, which, due to the optimal density of the fruit pulp and its taste, is considered the best for salting. Launched at the Volgograd Experimental Station VNIIR im. N.I. Vavilov.

This is a mid-early variety, harvesting can be done 40-45 days after germination, bee-pollinated, most suitable for outdoor cultivation.

The bushes are medium-sized, the shoots have unlimited growth force, therefore they need to be pinched for better formation of lateral shoots.

Dark green large-lumpy cucumbers with white stripes on a thin peel with black thorns have a length of 9-14 cm and a weight of up to 120 g... Zelentsy have a pronounced cucumber aroma, there is no bitterness in them. When salted, they are dense, crispy and of excellent taste.

Productivity subject to agricultural technology - 4-5 kg ​​/ m2.

Salting is quite resistant to most diseases, including powdery mildew, so that it does not create problems in cultivation.

It is grown both through seedlings and by direct sowing of seeds into the soil. For cultivation, it is better to use warm beds. To do this, in the fall, twigs, weeds, tops of tomatoes and peppers are laid at the bottom of a dug trench 0.6 m deep, fallen apples and foliage are poured on top of a layer of earth, then humus or compost, again earth. In the spring, as soon as the weather permits, the bed is covered with a film (preferably black) to quickly warm the soil, you can first spill the bed with boiling water. At the end of April, cross-shaped cuts are made on the film, seeds or seedlings are planted, covered with film or agrofibre on installed arcs. Planting holes are made every 0.5-0.6 m.

When the threat of frost has passed, the shelter is removed. Further care consists in watering, feeding, tying growing lashes to the established trellis and regular harvesting.

Growing a cucumber Pickling will not bring disappointments - it is tasty and reliable.

There are a lot of cucumbers for pickling, as well as white cabbage, each variety has its own + and -. It is not so difficult to choose a variety that suits your taste and fruit size, it is better, of course, to start with old proven varieties and in parallel try to plant new ones. Grow, can and surprise with your pickles!


The best varieties of cucumbers for pickling and canning. Reviews of gardeners

To make pickled or pickled cucumbers crisp and tasty, you need to use a suitable variety or hybrid for the blanks. Productivity in this case is not the main criterion for choosing a variety, other characteristics of zelents are more important, for example, skin thickness, pulp density, thorn color, as well as the size and "tuberosity of fruits".

There are many varieties of culture suitable for pickling and pickling; some universal varieties are suitable for the same purposes, but only proven ones. When choosing seeds, you need to take into account the climate of the area, as well as the growing conditions - open, closed ground or temporary film shelters. The best varieties of pickled cucumbers in 2020, according to gardeners' reviews.


"For food"

A number of varieties are intended for fresh consumption. These cucumbers make luxurious salads.

  • "April F1" - cucumbers that ripen in the garden 2 months after planting. The main feature of the variety is that it is very compact. The plant will not scatter its "branches" without interfering with the development of "neighbors". Fruits grow up to 20-25 cm in length. The weight of each does not exceed 200 grams. I really like the fact that these cucumbers do not taste bitter. Therefore, it is an excellent option for salads. Children eat them with pleasure. In care, this variety is not picky.
  • "Erofei" is a variety with small fruits. They grow in length only up to 7-8 cm. At the same time, they look very much like chicken eggs. Despite their outward unattractiveness, they are very tasty. Another advantage of the variety is disease resistance.


Description of the best pickling varieties, which one to choose?

The best pickled cucumbers that have stood the test of time are old Russian varieties, the description and characteristics are given below:

Nezhinsky

Cucumber Nezhinsky

The old Ukrainian variety Nezhinsky has not yet lost its popularity due to its high taste, productivity, and drought resistance. Vegetable of medium early ripening period (47-55 days). Unlike hybrids, you can harvest your own seeds from it. On its basis, varieties of the so-called "Nezhinsky dynasty" were developed, which are also good for salting: Nezhinsky-12, Nezhinsky Kuban, Era, Nosovsky, Nezhinka.

Crisp

Crispy Cucumber

Medium ripening bee-pollinated hybrid (50 days)... Abundantly bears fruit throughout the summer, the size of zelents up to 100 mm

Beregovoy

Coastal cucumber

Medium-early ripening high-yielding cucumber (47-51 days), on the surface of the fruit there are large tubercles and their length is up to 120 mm.

Muromsky

Cucumber Murom

One of the oldest Russian varieties originally from the city of Murom. Early maturing, pollinated by bees of very early maturation (32-42 days).

Far Eastern

Far East cucumber

Ripening in medium terms (40-55 days), pollinated by bees, fruits are medium lumpy, up to 15 cm.

Great

Cucumber Gorgeous

Medium early large tuberous hybrid, cucumbers up to 12 cm long, with a friendly return of the harvest.

Parisian gherkin

Cucumber Parisian gherkin

Early (40-45 days), bee-pollinated hybrid Parisian gherkin. Large tuberous greens are devoid of bitterness in taste, up to 11 cm in size.

Vyaznikovsky

Cucumber Vyaznikovsky

Bee-pollinated, early variety (40-55 days), small lumpy cucumbers up to 11 cm resistant to short-term cold snap.

These varieties are time-tested and almost never fail with the harvest. Experiencing new selection on the site, these old-timers by gardeners still have a place in the garden - just in case. They are ideal for salting, both in size and taste.

All pickling varieties are prone to rapid yellowing of fruits, therefore they need regular harvesting (every 2 days), which also stimulates the formation of new cucumber ovaries.


Garden bed preparation

Looking for a good harvest of cucumbers? Then you need to take care of the soil where the seeds will be sown in spring and summer. Of great importance in the fertility of a particular variety is played by the predecessor, which was cultivated in this area of ​​the garden or field. Tomatoes, cabbage, onions, lettuce and peas are among the ideal predecessors. But from sowing in open ground, where beans previously grew, it is better to refuse. The soil used for beans is often affected by white rot.

Preparation of a land plot for subsequent sowing begins in the fall. The soil is covered with a layer of rotted manure

At the same time, it is important to correctly calculate the required amount of organic fertilizers. For example, following the recommendations of experienced agricultural workers, apply 6-8 kg of fertilizer on 1 m² of land

Further, the soil is dug up, the remains of plants are removed. For greater fertility, farmers recommend using the method of sowing cucumbers of different varieties in a "warm" bed. The effect of heat is created due to the decomposition of plant-type waste (sawdust, straw, last year's fallen leaves, grass cuttings).

Do not use vegetable tops, as they can carry various diseases or be a kind of "home" for the larvae of insect pests. Burn the tops of last year's vegetable crops, and you can sprinkle the resulting ash on the soil in the field. Distribute plant debris evenly over an open area, tamp it, pour well warm water over the soil, sprinkle with wood ash and chalk on top. Then cover with plastic wrap and let it brew for 24 hours.

Further, on the surface of the site, you need to level a new layer of soil, consisting of sod land, sawdust, peat and humus. Such a soil, which is better called "puff cake", is covered with a thick film and left in this form until the start of sowing work - that is, until spring. Preparing "warm" soil requires a lot of attention, time and effort, but this method helps to increase the yield of cucumbers of any variety.


What varieties of cucumbers are best planted in open ground for pickling

Who among us does not like crispy cucumbers: fresh, lightly salted, canned, salted. We use most of them in salted form. No good holiday table is complete without such an appetizer as pickles.They are present in almost all salads from autumn to spring, without them and vinaigrette or vinaigrette.

But experienced housewives know that not every variety of cucumber is suitable for conservation... You can close different cucumbers according to the same recipe and the result will be completely different. Cucumbers do not always turn out to be plump and crunchy, the reason lies in the correctness of the variety chosen for pickling. In this review, we will talk about which varieties of cucumbers should be planted in open ground for pickling.


The most popular varieties of cucumbers for the Moscow region (middle zone), the Urals and Siberia

What determines the choice of a variety of cucumbers? Which is better for growing in a greenhouse and which is better for outdoor cultivation?

What determines the choice of a variety of cucumbers? Which is better for growing in a greenhouse and which is better for outdoor cultivation?

Content

  • 1. Ultra-early and early-ripening cucumbers
    • 1.1. Parthenocarpic (self-pollinated) varieties of cucumbers for the greenhouse
    • 1.2. Bee-pollinated varieties
  • 2. Mid-season varieties and hybrids
  • 3. Late-ripening cucumbers
  • 4. New varieties and hybrids of cucumbers in 2020

Choosing a variety of cucumbers for your farm is not as easy as it seems. There are a number of factors to consider, each of which can be critical to the yield of a particular variety / hybrid:

  1. growing conditions (it depends on them whether to choose varieties of cucumbers for open ground or prefer self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers for a greenhouse)
  2. harvest destination (fresh consumption or canning)
  3. ripening time (early, middle, late).

The last point is the most significant. Especially when it comes to the selection of the best varieties of cucumbers for the North-West, northern regions of the Urals and Siberia.

Ultra-ripe and early-ripening cucumbers

These varieties and hybrids mature in 5–7 weeks and are suitable for regions with short summers. They can be recommended with confidence for the Moscow region, the Leningrad region. These varieties of cucumbers are also suitable for the Urals. Early ripening fruitful hybrids will delight you with amicable ripening in the shortest possible time.

When choosing a variety, the method of pollination of flowers should be taken into account:

Parthenocarpic (self-pollinated) cucumber varieties for the greenhouse

If you plan to use a heated room, then you need to choose parthenocarpic or self-pollinated cucumber varieties for the greenhouse.

Ultra-early hybrid. One of the best varieties of polycarbonate greenhouse cucumbers. Ripens in 35–39 days. High-yielding, with a bundle ovary, long fruiting period. According to reviews, these cucumbers are sweet, they never taste bitter, which is due to their genetic properties. Cucumbers resistant to common diseases (Siberian varieties cannot always boast of this).

'Siberian garland F1'

An early self-pollinated hybrid. The cucumber variety 'Siberian garland F1' is characterized by amazing productivity: the bush is simply decorated with gherkins 5–8 cm in length, 3-4 dozen of them ripen on one lash. He is suitable for the greenhouse and rightfully leads the most productive varieties of cucumbers.

'Emerald Stream F1'

Vigorous plant, but weakly growing. The flowering type is predominantly female. The mass of one cucumber varies from 150 to 200 grams. Nice new variety for salads. Bears fruit for a long time, resistant to unfavorable growing conditions. Wasp seedlings take 44–48 days before harvesting.

Cucumbers of German selection, are valued for the amicable simultaneous return of the harvest. Fruits - gherkins 8-10 cm long. Genetically devoid of bitterness.

Bee-pollinated varieties

Such varieties of cucumbers are suitable for Siberia and the Urals, where late spring is combined with early autumn. They can be planted in the beds after the end of the frost, without fear that the growing season will drag on until the cold weather. Siberian varieties of cucumbers are cold-resistant, capable of enduring without damage the drops in day and night temperatures characteristic of the northern spring.

An ultra-early ripening hybrid that ripens 45–50 days after germination. There are 2–3 ovaries in a node, cucumbers reach a length of 12–15 cm, each weighing 55–85 grams. The surface of the fruit is pubescent. The hybrid has a stable yield and is resistant to fungal diseases.

‘Delicacy’

Early ripe. Powerful, long-leaved plant. Cucumbers are 9–12 cm long. The fruit pulp is high in sugar, the skin is dark green. The variety is excellent for canning.

The ovaries of this hybrid are located 3–6 in one node. This is called bunch bloom. Short cucumbers take 43–45 days to ripen. They are covered with dark green skin with white stripes, white thorns. Fruits do not outgrow, do not turn yellow, ripen simultaneously and amicably, never bitter.

These cucumbers ripen in 40-50 days. The variety is resistant to cold snaps and olive spot. It is used both fresh and for blanks. Cucumber length - 10-13 cm. Weight - 140 gr. The plant is medium-growing, fruitful, from 1.1 to 1.7 kg. cucumbers from one "square".

‘Alligator F1’

The hybrid is named so for its large green elongated-cylindrical fruits with large tubercles. The length of alligator cucumbers reaches 40 cm. The plant is formed by a powerful, stunted plant, bears fruit for a long time. The fruits are juicy, sweet, with a bright characteristic aroma. The hybrid is not susceptible to true and downy mildew. Ripens in 46–48 days.

Medium-sized long-leaved plant with mixed flowering type. The fruits are large-lumpy with dark pubescence, the length of each reaches 10-11 cm, and the weight is 100-125 grams. Recommended for salting. Homemade pickled cucumbers from 'Salted' are especially tasty and crispy.

Mid-season varieties and hybrids

If the early varieties of cucumbers are for the greenhouse, then the middle ones can also be grown in the open field. The best varieties of cucumbers of average ripening with photos and descriptions are in the table.

‘Chinese disease-resistant F1’

Highly productive hybrid of excellent quality. Ripens in 48-54 days. It grows well both outdoors and protected. Tied to trellises. Vigorous plant: short internodes, small leaves. Single stem. The size of the cucumbers is 30–35 cm, they are dark green in color, with a shiny skin. The variety is good for fresh use in salads. Preserve it with cut slices.

Salad variety. Fusiform, slightly ribbed fruits. The color is green with light stripes. On the skin there are small frequent tubercles and white pubescence. Zelentsy reach 100 gr. weight and 12 cm in length. When grown outdoors, it needs a film cover at the beginning of the growing season.

‘Sister Alyonushka F1’

The hybrid ripens in 50-53 days. The plant grows medium in size and does not branch very much. The high yield makes it possible to harvest from 1.7 to 2.1 kg from this variety. cucumbers per square meter of planting. At the same time, the hybrid pleases with excellent taste and presentation.

'Spring F1'

A good, high yielding hybrid for open beds. The plant is tall, has medium branching, and female-type flowers predominate. Smooth green cucumbers are covered with light stripes and small black thorns. An excellent variety for conservation. Thanks to extended fruiting, you can harvest until late autumn.

Ripens in 48–56 days. A universal hybrid, cucumbers are dark green, spindle-shaped, crispy. Good yield - 2.2–2.5 kg. per square meter. The hybrid can be grown under cover, but high yields can only be achieved outdoors.

Late ripening cucumbers

Late-ripening varieties of cucumbers - for open ground. They are pollinated by insects, mature in 2 months and have abundant harvests. These are the best varieties of cucumbers for pickling and canning. If you choose the most productive varieties of cucumbers from the many late varieties, then it is worth stopping at these.

Ripens in 48-60 days. A high-yielding bee-pollinated variety that allows you to have from 1.6 to 2.1 kg per square meter. harvest.

‘Brownie F1’

The hybrid can be grown both outdoors and under a film. Strong-growing plants hold many small cucumbers. You can harvest from it until the end of autumn.

Long-term fruiting hybrid. It is famous for its high yield of cucumbers measuring 8-10 cm and weighing 60-80 grams. Resistant to common diseases. Possesses excellent taste, good canned.

New varieties and hybrids of cucumbers in 2020

Responsible gardeners begin to prepare for the next season almost immediately after the cucumber harvest. They give preference to already proven varieties and hybrids that have justified confidence. But new products from domestic and foreign companies also deserve attention. The market offers cucumbers for open and protected ground, different ripening periods, for fresh consumption and conservation, with small and giant fruits. Some of them are presented below.

'Anaconda F1’

An early ripe hybrid for film shelters, bears fruit in 48–52 days after germination. The plant is weakly plaited, the flowers are predominantly female. The fruits are strong, without voids. With a diameter of about 3 cm, they grow up to 30-50 cm in length, gain weight 220-240 g. Cucumbers are green, cylindrical, lumpy, with a pleasant taste and aroma. Suitable for salads and preserves. The hybrid has strong immunity. Productivity - 11-13 kg / m 2.

Ultra early hybrid of Dutch selection. You can start harvesting 40 days after planting the seedlings. Growing in open ground and in greenhouses is acceptable. The bush is medium-branched, with female-type flowers. Cucumbers are short, 11–12 cm long, cylindrical in shape, with small tubercles, in a dark green thin peel. They are pleasant to the taste, crunchy, weighing from 64 to 75 g, for fresh consumption and preservation. The yield exceeds 9 kg. per square meter.

‘Balcony F1’

A hybrid of early ripening, from the emergence of seedlings to the formation of zelents, 40–45 days pass. The plant is compact, the length of the main whip does not exceed 1 m. The green fruits are short, cylindrical, tuberous. The mass varies within 70–90 g. The cucumbers are crispy, juicy and aromatic. The hybrid is resistant to diseases and easy to care for. The yield is 5–7 kg / m 2.

‘Green King F1’

An early ripe hybrid for open and protected ground with only female flowers. Up to 5 ovaries are formed in each node. The first crop can be taken 42–44 days after germination. The fruits are green, smooth, shiny. With a length of 10–12 cm, they gain weight from 100 to 115 g. They are juicy, crunchy, with a pleasant smell. Get 15 kg per square meter.

Hybrid for film shelters and open ground. The bush is compact, medium branched. Fruits take 46-50 days to ripen. Zelentsy, weighing 100-150 g, reach 35-45 cm in length. The skin is thin, with large tubercles. The pulp is tasty, juicy, aromatic. The plant is resistant to diseases, without damage it survives cold weather, drought and heat. Productivity 20 kg / m 2

‘Siberian emerald’

The early-maturing variety is pollinated by bees, so it is grown in open ground or under a temporary film cover. The plant is medium-sized, long-leaved, mainly with female flowers. Fruiting 43–49 days after germination. Zelentsy are fusiform, 7-9 cm long, weighing 65-85 g. Thin skin with tubercles. Cucumbers are delicious, crispy, aromatic. Suitable for salads and preserves. Productivity up to 5 kg / m 2.

In addition to the ones described, the varieties ‘Grandmother’s granddaughters’, ‘Grandfather’s granddaughter’, ‘Strong little baby’, ‘Malyshka Anyutka’ and others deserve attention. Before you start planting seeds, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the article "Growing cucumbers for seedlings: timing, planting and care technology."

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Watch the video: Boston Pickling Cucumbers