On the eve of the planting season, any gardener faces a responsible choice: which tomatoes will prevail in the beds - large-fruited, "cream" for pickling, cherry tomatoes or with fancy fruits. But no one ever thinks about the yield - every farmer hopes to get an unprecedented harvest, regardless of the variety of tomatoes and their growing method. But you really want this important characteristic of your favorite vegetable not to let you down in any weather. Meanwhile, on tomato beds, sometimes there are such specimens, the productivity of which often delights even experienced gardeners. It is with super-yielding cultivars that I want to get to know better.
What you sow, so you reap: high-yielding varieties of tomatoes
Productivity is a relative concept when growing any vegetable crop. Achieving a super harvest is sometimes difficult due to weather conditions, while some gardeners harvest a lot of tomato varieties that did not really have a high yield before. For some, highly productive varieties are large-fruited, with massive fruits, while others consider the harvest to be buckets, even if the tomatoes are about walnuts. In any case, significant results can be achieved if you follow the cultivation techniques and select a variety, focusing on the climate and weather conditions in the region.
How to achieve high yields of tomato in your beds?
- First of all, tomatoes adapted to climatic conditions are chosen for planting. Thus, the ideal option is to plant regionalized tomato varieties.
- Tomatoes are thermophilic plants, they are most often grown in seedlings. The beds are arranged so that they are not shaded by neighboring crops; also try not to thicken the planting.
- This vegetable does not like waterlogging, it is best to water the plants at the root as the soil dries up.
- Growing a tomato will be productive if you regularly carry out pinching, remove the lower leaves on highly leafy specimens, it is important for tall ones to pinch the top of the head in time. If it is recommended to distill the bush into one stem, you should not ignore this requirement, which means that it is with such a cultivation that more ovaries will form, and the fruits will be weighty.
- Tomatoes are responsive to feeding: they love both organic and mineral fertilizers. It is great when, during the growing season, the gardener alternates leaf and root dressings.
- Loosening, weed control in the beds, tying to a support, especially tall and large-fruited indeterminants, are the same serious agrotechnical techniques that significantly affect the yield.
The official yield figures from the variety authors sometimes differ from the figures given by the seed producers on the packs. What to do? You should not frivolously believe in the incredible values of the yield, it is better to make sure on the forums of experienced tomato experts, check the data in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation, or ask your friends what kind of return the selected variety can actually be. If you want to get an excellent harvest, it is recommended to choose proven varieties that have been tested for years in the beds of domestic gardeners.
Video: fruitful tomatoes - an overview of varieties
To get a high yield on tomato beds, it is necessary to maintain a balance in the ratio of nutrition / prevention of late blight. It is recommended to alternate feeding: natural ingredients - organic matter, yeast, herbal infusion - affect the strength and power of the plant, mineral complex fertilizers, which are based on potassium and boron, significantly help to increase immunity, improve the taste of tomatoes and prolong fruiting.
Phytophthora is the main enemy of tomato. Be sure to spray the tomato from mid-July to the end of August with various antifungal drugs and serum with the addition of iodine (5 drops of iodine per 2 liters of fermented milk product). And I do it every 5-7 days. I tear off the lower leaves to a height of the central stem of 30–40 cm at the time of fruiting - excessive foliage causes dampness in the beds and the spread of fungal and rotten diseases. The harvest on time is also important. Checked: if you are too lazy and ignore the above, the harvest immediately falls: fewer ovaries, tomatoes get sick, fruits crumble.
For us, the most productive - Mikado pink - is immediately noticeable on the beds by the "potato leaves": the mid-season indeterminant (height up to 1.5 m) grows exclusively on street beds, although it is intended for greenhouse cultivation; ripens after early ripening; forcing in 2 stems; bears fruit until the end of September; capable of giving up to 20 kg / m2, we collect 3 buckets from 1 sq. m over the summer. In addition to a balanced diet, the variety requires a garter - the fruits are large (up to 400 g) and regular watering at the root.
Early ripening tomatoes with a high yield rate
Ultra-early varieties and hybrids of tomatoes are favorites in tomato beds of ordinary gardeners and those who grow tomatoes for sale.
One of the most productive, according to many summer residents, is the determinant of Debut F1 for salads and fresh consumption. The Dutch hybrid is famous for its decent yield - up to 10 kg / m2 with soil forcing. The bush is low - 0.6–0.7 m, densely covered with foliage and covered with 160–200 g of fruits. Ribbed, red-glossy hybrid tomatoes with dense pulp can be salted in a large container. It is practically not affected by diseases, heat and temperature drop is also not afraid.
Hybrid Debut F1 is resistant to verticillium and fusarium wilt
Excellent presentation, good keeping quality, fruit taste incomparable with hybrids - fragrant, sweetish - thanks to these qualities, the tomato has become popular recently.
Video: Tomato Debut F1
Early ripening Tsaritsa F1 with orange-red elongated "cream" tomatoes - the best option for preservation. Fruits are small, not more than 60–80 g, juicy, with pleasant sourness, can reach 10 cm in length; their peel is dense - the Queen's harvest can not only be salted, but also stored in the refrigerator, transported without fear that the harvest will be remembered. This is a determinant - an erect bush, no higher than 0.7 m, a garter is recommended for massive clusters. The tomato is worthy of attention due to its unpretentiousness, resistance to many diseases and excellent adaptability to any climate.
The yield of tomato Tsaritsa F1 reaches 9.5 kg per 1 sq. m, a hybrid is grown both in a greenhouse and in open beds
Tomato Apparently-invisibly - this is the case when it is not about size, but about quantity. This is an ultra-early variety with limited branching, the plant is grown in 2 stems, pinching is not required, due to the small size of the cultivar - 0.4–0.6 m - it is not necessary to put a support. Advantages: amicable rapid ripening of the crop - up to 3-5 kg per bush per season of small round tomatoes with a juicy sour center (weight 15-25 g) - typical cherry, but sometimes larger specimens - up to 50 g; excellent immunity and cold resistance. The disadvantage is the mediocre taste of the fruit. Productivity from the originator - up to 4 kg / m2, according to reviews, can exceed 8 kg per 1 sq. m.
Video: Tomato Visibly invisible
Ground tomatoes with excellent yields
A mid-ripening bush tomato The Siberian surprise will please any gardener: the bush is not high - 1 meter, a little more, formed into 2 stems, tied to a support - grapevine without this are weakly resistant. This is a soil cultivar, tolerant to temperature extremes, rarely sick with tobacco mosaic and verticillosis. The yield is excellent - 10-14 pieces per brush, each tomato - up to 100 g, considering that up to 7 full-fledged brushes are tied per season, sometimes more, you can get from 7 to 10 kg per bush. Subject to the technology of growing tomatoes, the return of the Surprise per square meter can exceed 20 kg.
Bright red "cream" of tomato Siberian surprise with a dense skin ideal for pickling
Em Champion - Siberian standard tomato of determinant type. This is a mid-season tomato, it is grown with equal success both in the south and in the northern regions of our country. If grown in open ground, the average yield according to the State Register is 10 kg / m2, but in a greenhouse, the return can exceed all expectations - productivity reaches 18 kg per 1 sq. m. Cultivar expels shoots up to 0.7 m, is able to set fruits in extreme weather conditions, is not afraid of thickened planting. The only drawback is that the fruits are completely non-transportable, they quickly deteriorate during storage.
Heart-shaped, some elongated fruits with rounded sides are simply amazing in taste, weighing 130-150 g
Juicy, moderately dense pulp of large small-sized fruits of the Champion is good in salads, tasty juice and tomato paste are obtained from it.
Another mid-season indeterminant Superbomba is the pride of Siberian breeding, a variety with stable yields both in drought and in wet weather. The harvest is great and with soil forcing - 10.2 kg / m2, and with a greenhouse - according to reviews, up to 16-18 kg per 1 sq. Fruits are flat, round, with slight ribbing, there is a green spot at the base of the stalk, weight 150–250 g. The pulp is juicy, with many partitions, slightly sour - suitable for fresh salads, snacks, baked goods and stews. Tomatoes do not crack, hang in brushes for a long time - they do not overripe. The height of the plant as described by the originator is no more than 1.5 m.
For some, the Superbomb has grown up to 2 m, and the fruits are gaining 400-500 g
This tomato copes well with fungal diseases, is not afraid of the cold, bears fruit for a long time. It is recommended to drive the superbomb in 3 stems and tie it to a reliable metal support - it is much more convenient to grow a large-fruited cultivar.
Video: tomato Superbomb
The yield of ground tomatoes is lower than that of greenhouse tomatoes: they often suffer from temperature changes, immunity is more susceptible to various infections of vegetable crops, weather anomalies such as hail, dry winds also delay the development of the plant and, accordingly, the timing of the entry into fruiting. But the taste of tomatoes grown in natural conditions often surpasses greenhouse ones, and they ripen faster, if you count from the moment the ovaries appear.
Video: an overview of the most productive tomatoes for open ground
Tall yielding tomatoes
The King of Giants is a cold-resistant indeterminant from Siberia. Strong supports for a powerful branchy bush (1.7–2 m) are especially important during the fruiting period, the yield can exceed 5 kg per plant, up to 20 kg per 1 sq. Fruits are round, even tomatoes, weighty - weight from 600 g to 1 kg, flattened at the stalk, the flesh is sugary, slightly juicy, so these tomatoes are good in any salads - canned and fresh.
The king of giants is an early-ripening tomato, in the middle lane it is grown in a greenhouse, in a warm climate, soil planting is possible
The king of giants is a rare specimen among the early ones: you can get large, sweet fruits already in the 1st decade of July with any distillation. Moreover, the variety, with the help of prophylaxis, almost does not get sick with apical rot and late blight.
Video: Tomato King of Giants
Of all the varieties of the Bovine Heart, I would like to draw attention to the red-fruited giant variety with large fruits. According to the originator, tomatoes weigh 180-200 g, there are a little more, the bush reaches 1.5 m. In fact, the Bull's heart can grow up to 2.2 m, especially in a greenhouse, fruits are gaining 400-600 g - in the shape of a heart , pointed, fleshy; the taste - with a pleasant sourish note, at the same time quite sweet and aromatic - is grown in salad, juice and in preparations. Despite different reviews from the fact that the variety is capricious at the beginning of the growing season, it can shed ovaries, the Bull's heart is an unpretentious tomato, it is resistant to fungal diseases of nightshades, it is fruitful even in a damp summer - 3 kg, and with abundant feeding - 6 kg per bush and up to 16 kg / m2.
Video: Tomato Bull Heart
Caprice - cherry tomato, which has earned everyone's love thanks to its appetizing small finger-shaped tomatoes - narrow, dense, slightly juicy, weighing up to 30 g - exclusively in salted or in slices for serving. Cultivar is loved for its excellent return - 11 kg / m2 - for a small-fruited tomato, this is a brilliant result, and the mid-season variety yields well both in the greenhouse and in the open field. This is a classic bunchy indeterminant - it expels shoots up to 2 m, it is grown in 1 stem, regularly stepson and tied up by all means. Caprice rarely gets sick with fusarium and nematode.
Tomato Caprice is a plum cherry; it is worth paying attention to those who want to achieve an unsurpassed harvest of small-fruited tomatoes
Sweet varieties of fruitful tomatoes
Pink-fruited and hybrids with yellow-green fruits are considered the most sugary, they contain the least acid in the pulp. Another feature of such tomatoes is that they are fleshy and, as a rule, there is a very small amount of seeds in the middle of a tomato.
The cultivar with an average ripening period Honey is famous for its weighty fruits of raspberry-pink color, their melting pulp tastes really sweet, so the name corresponds completely. One tomato weighs up to 300-400 g, the first harvest on the bushes of Medovoy is the largest-fruited - some fruits are half a kilogram. This is an indeterminate variety, its branchy shoots can grow up to 2 m, according to standards - no more than 1.5 m. According to official data, the return from 1 sq. M. m is 8 kg, but with regular feeding, gardeners achieve significant productivity - about 10-14 kg per square meter of tomato beds.
The fruits of Medovoye are flat-round, the flesh is loose, soft, the variety is grown for salads and processed into juice
According to reviews, the yield of the variety depends on the growing conditions: on street beds, the yield can "jump" - 8-12 kg / m2, in the greenhouse they get 5-7 kg per bush, this is about 14-18 kg / m2... By the way, Medovy is grown both in the greenhouse and on the street - the result is always excellent. Among the disadvantages: the pulp is sometimes streaked, the fruits can crack in rainy weather; bushy plants, require a lot of space - per 1 sq. m - no more than 2-3 bushes.
Video: honey tomato
Has gained respect among tomato experts. The Orange Elephant is a lettuce yellow-fruited variety of the determinant type. A powerful bushy tomato (height 0.8-1 m) grows best in protected beds, according to the State Register, the yield of the variety is 7 kg / m2... This is an average figure, with regular feeding, some summer residents receive up to 10-12 kg / m2... Medium early cultivar with small, firm tomatoes (160-190 g) is suitable for fresh salads and appetizers, for serving and making sauces and gravy. They love the Orange Elephant for long-term fruiting and cold resistance; the crop is well stored and can be transported without problems. But these tomatoes often suffer from phytophthora and rotten diseases, disease prevention is required.
The Orange Elephant has juicy fruits, at the same time fleshy, fragrant, with a thin skin
Video: Tomato Orange Elephant
An amazing tomato native to Siberia with the tempting name Mystery of Nature has become a popular favorite. Almost everyone who tried to grow this variety noted the amazing taste and high yield - according to various reviews, in the open field they get 10 kg per 1 sq. m, standard in a greenhouse - up to 12-14 kg / m2... This is a mid-season tomato with unlimited shoot growth - you need to tie it to a support and pinch it regularly, the shoots grow up to 1.8–2 m. The cultivar's zest is fleshy, yellow-red fruits in section, their sugar taste and dietary properties are impressive.Outside, the skin is usually orange-red, the top near the stalk is pinkish or yellow.
Flat-round, sometimes with ribbing at the stalk, the fruits weigh from 300 to 700 g, are valued for their dietary properties (due to the low content of puric acids)
The pleasant taste and juiciness of the fruits allows them to be used as a fresh appetizer, to prepare juices, pasta, pickled salads from them. Features Riddles of nature: the bushes grow strongly - by 1 sq. m place no more than 2-3 bushes, weighty fruits grow in brushes - it is better to fix the bunches with a rope, with an excess of moisture, scars and cracks appear on the fruits.
Video: tomato Riddle of nature
Rounded heart-shaped, sometimes slightly flattened, bright orange tomatoes of the Orange Giant are almost entirely composed of pulp, the skin is soft, the partitions inside are tender, there are almost no seeds, and most importantly - honey-sugary sweetness. Orange Giant tomatoes are suitable for juices and tomato paste; in fresh salads, they are delicious and fragrant. Children also love these tomatoes for their sweetness and soft center. The fruits weigh no more than 300 g: the highly ribbed fruits are advised by gardeners not to overexpose on the bushes - overripe fruits are not so tasty.
The yield of the indeterminate orange giant tomato does not exceed 6.6 kg per sq. m, but if you make an effort, you can achieve 4–5 kg per bush, that is, up to 15 kg per 1 sq. m. m
The plant is never large - 0.6–0.7 m is the limit, but it will still be necessary to install a support, since the central stem falls sideways without the support of massive fruits. This mid-season cultivar easily bears fruit in hot weather and rarely suffers from late blight.
The most productive varieties and hybrids of tomato for the greenhouse
Big Beef F1 is a cold-resistant salad tomato with strong immunity. This tomato is advised to grow in a greenhouse - the yield is more than 10 kg per 1 sq. Gardeners note the high resistance of the hybrid to most tomato diseases - it manages to avoid the root nematode, and tobacco mosaic, and verticilliasis. Fruits are large - 200-300 g, sometimes grow up to 400 g, flat-round, bright red, moderately dense, juicy. The peculiarity of the tomato: inside, like most beef-tomatoes, there is a lot of pulp, the chambers are small, they are located asymmetrically, the seeds are very small. This is an early maturing cultivar of an indeterminate type (height up to 1.3 m), responsive to feeding.
Tomatoes such as Big Beef F1 require close attention: they need to be pinned regularly, powerful shoots should be tied up
Darnitsa F1 - mid-early indeterminant with amicable maturation, recoil indoors reaches 36.7 kg / m2 (according to the State Register). The bushes of the hybrid are tall (1.6 m), the leaves are dark green, large, but the main feature is round, red-scarlet, with practically no ribbing at the stalk, the fruits weigh 150-180 g. This is an absolutely unpretentious tomato - cold and hot affect the productivity of the plant, the hybrid does not suffer from cladosporia and tobacco mosaic.
Tomato Darnitsa F1 is versatile, it can be used for whole-fruit canning, making salads, juice, ketchup
Video: an overview of yielding tomatoes for growing in a greenhouse
Table: a selection of high-yielding tomatoes for different growing conditions
|Tomato name||Productivity, kg / m2||Plant characteristic|
|One hundred poods||8,5–9|
|The Tsar Bell||8,6–18|
|In memory of Korneev||9|
|Petrusha the gardener||6,4|
|Puzata khata pink||11|
|White filling 241||up to 8.5|
Photo gallery of tomatoes presented in the table
Video: an overview of unpretentious fruitful tomatoes - expert advice
A selection of fruitful tomatoes for growing in the regions
In areas with a warm climate, tall varieties, cultivars with long-term fruiting grow well, it is also preferable to choose heat-resistant varieties. In the temperate continental climate of the middle zone, early and mid-ripening tomatoes yield excellently, here they focus on plant immunity - the best results are shown by resistant to fungal diseases and unpretentious tomatoes. In the northern regions, gardeners prefer ultra-early maturing cold-resistant varieties and greenhouse cultivars.
Table: varieties of productive tomatoes for growing in the regions
|Central Russia (Chernozem, Volga, Moscow, Leningrad, Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod regions)|
|North-West region, Siberia, Transbaikalia, Bashkiria, Belarus|
|Krasnodar Territory, Crimea, Caucasian Region, Rostov Region, Ukraine, Donbass|
Harvest tomatoes are the dream of every farmer, and it is not difficult to fulfill it: choose highly productive varieties, taking into account the local climate, soil composition and other planting conditions. Observing agricultural techniques, it is not at all difficult to get a full harvest. It is not so important on what grounds the gardener determines the yield of the variety - by the number of fruits on the bushes or by the weight of individual tomato giants, it is more important that the tomatoes delight with taste, and the plants, in turn, take root on the site and bear fruit annually to glory.