In summer, it is a constant ingredient in various salads, and in winter it is present on the table in pickled form. We also heard about him in the fairy tale - Senor Tomato. This culture is popular all over the world, so the number of varieties simply cannot be counted. But there are varieties that have been enjoying well-deserved success for more than a dozen years. For example, Dubrava tomatoes. They do not require increased attention to themselves, easily tolerate the vagaries of nature and give good yields. And the variety has one pleasant feature - it does not need pinching, a procedure that takes quite a lot of time from the summer resident. For these positive characteristics, Dubrava is highly valued among gardeners.
History and description of the Dubrava tomato variety
I will not be mistaken if I say that you can find tomato bushes in almost every vegetable garden. After all, a tomato from your garden is much more aromatic and tastier than a store one. Therefore, breeders are happy to create varieties with improved characteristics for hardworking gardeners.
Tomato Dubrava was bred in the 90s in the Moscow region. Having passed the required variety tests, in 1997 he was enrolled in the State Register for the Central and Volga-Vyatka regions. The variety is recommended for growing in the open field in personal gardens, garden plots and small farms.
The Dubrava variety can also be found under a different name - Dubok. But this name can rather be attributed to the folk.
Tomatoes Dubrava - a promising domestic variety
Characteristics of the variety
Each variety has a certain set of qualities that help the gardener choose the plant he likes. Tomato Dubrava has a more than decent characteristic.
- The variety belongs to the early maturing. On the 85th day after full germination, fruits begin to ripen in regions with a warm climate; in cooler ones, ripening occurs later - on the 105th day.
- The yield is high, but depending on the region, this indicator can be different. In the Central region - 133 - 349 c / ha, which is 24 - 106 c / ha higher than the standard varieties Alpatiev 905 A and Peremoga 165. In the Volga-Vyatka region, the yield is higher - 224 - 551 c / ha, which is almost one level with the standards of Siberian early ripening and Peremoga 165. The maximum yield level is shown in the Republic of Mari El - 551 c / ha, which is 12 c / ha higher than the standard Siberian early ripening.
- The fruits have a universal purpose. Tomatoes are suitable for fresh vitamin salads and pickling, since they do not lose their shape, they are used for conservation and processing into tomato products.
- Disease resistance is average. There is an average susceptibility to late blight of the vegetative mass.
- The variety is plastic. With changes in the environment - drought or high humidity, the Dubrava tomato is able not only to develop, but also to form fruits.
- The variety does not require pinching, which makes it easier to care for.
- The fruits are distinguished by good keeping quality - with proper storage, they do not lose their presentation for almost 1.5 months. The variety can withstand long distance transportation.
Tomatoes of the Dubrava variety - video
Dubrava tomatoes are determinant plants. This term applies to small varieties. The Dubrava bush has a height of 40 to 60 cm. It is compact, slightly branched and has an average foliage. Leaves are ordinary, small in size, green, slightly corrugated. The first simple inflorescence is laid under 6 - 7 leaves, and then flower clusters appear after 1 or 2 leaves. One brush can bear up to 10 or more fruits.
Fruits are round in shape with a smooth surface. Fruit weight ranges from 53 to 110 g. In the period of technical ripeness, they are painted in a deep red color. The skin is firm. The pulp is firm and fleshy, but somewhat dry. Seed nests from 3 to 6. The palatability of fresh fruits is assessed as satisfactory and good. The taste is dominated by a slight sourness.
Due to their dense pulp, the fruits of the Dubrava tomato are ideal for pickling
Advantages and disadvantages of the Dubrava variety - table
A distinctive feature of Dubok tomatoes from other varieties is the absence of stepchildren, which makes care very easy.
Features of planting and growing
Tomatoes Dubrava are grown in two ways - seed and seedlings. The seedling method can be used in any region suitable for cultivating the variety. But the seed is used only in the southern regions.
The time for planting seedlings is determined depending on the region. In warm areas, seeds are sown from early March to the end of the month. In cool - early April. The timing must be determined very strictly, the seedlings should not outgrow. Overgrown seedlings take root less well and form a harvest later. The main thing is that no more than 60 days have passed before the seedlings are planted in the ground.
Overgrown seedlings will begin to bear fruit later.
The seedling method provides early ripening of fruits and higher yields. But the yield will directly depend on the quality of the seedlings. Despite the fact that Dubrava's seeds are distinguished by good germination - up to 95%, they must be processed before sowing for seedlings.
- First, sort the seeds, removing the smallest or deformed ones.
- Then you need to check the quality of the planting material in order to separate the empty seeds. To do this, pour clean water into a small container and dip the seeds into it. After some time, high-quality seeds will settle to the bottom, and empty ones will float up.
- The seeds are disinfected by soaking them in a 1 - 2% solution of potassium permanganate for 15 - 20 minutes. For the same purpose, 3% hydrogen peroxide is suitable (by the way, it also accelerates the germination process). The seeds need to be held for only 20 minutes in a solution of 0.5 liters of water and 1 tbsp. l. peroxide.
Manganese solution disinfects seeds
Prepare the soil mixture and container before sowing seeds. The soil should be nutritious and loose. A suitable formulation can be obtained from your specialist store. But you can use soil from a garden bed. Add coarse sand to make it more fluffy. Before use, such soil must be disinfected by roasting it in the oven or spilling it with a manganese solution.
Elongated plastic containers with drainage holes are used as landing containers. Place a drainage layer on the bottom before filling the box with soil mixture. Moisten the soil well before planting.
For growing seedlings, you can purchase a convenient container.
The depth of seeding is 1.5 - 2 cm. In order to facilitate planting, you can press the grooves with a wooden ruler and put the seeds in them. The distance between the seeds is 2.5 - 3 cm, the width between the rows is up to 5 cm.
Seeding furrows are easy to make with a wooden ruler
Seed germination conditions and seedling care
- After sowing, the container with seeds is covered with a plastic bag and placed in a warm place. For germination, a temperature of 18 - 25 ° C is required. The shelter needs periodic ventilation, and if necessary, the soil is moistened with a spray bottle.
- Seedlings will appear in less than a week. After that, the container is moved to a well-lit place for 5 - 7 days. But the temperature is reduced to 15 ° C during the day and 10 - 12 ° C at night. This will prevent the seedlings from pulling out.
- When a week has passed, the seedlings are put back in a warm place. The night temperature is not lower than 16 ° С, and the daytime temperature, depending on the weather, is not lower than 18 ° С on cloudy days, but not higher than 24 ° С on a sunny day.
- Water the seedlings of Dubrava tomatoes only with warm water, at the root. It is important not to flood the seedlings or keep them in dry soil. Adjust the watering frequency depending on the temperature. On sunny days, the soil will dry out faster, so moisturize more often. The fact that there is not enough moisture will be prompted by the leaves, which will begin to droop.
Tomato seedlings Dubrava are watered under the root with warm water
- To prevent the seedlings from stretching, turn the container with different sides to the window every day. For normal development, seedlings need at least 12 hours of full lighting. If it is not enough, you need to additionally illuminate the plants with phytolamps or fluorescent lamps.
If the seedlings do not have enough light, use fluorescent lamps
- Top dressing is applied twice. The first time when the first pair of true leaves appeared on the seedlings. The second - a few days before landing in the ground. As a top dressing, complex mineral fertilizers are used for seedlings, preparing a solution according to the instructions.
A pick is necessary, because seeds are germinated in shallow containers, and the root system does not have the opportunity for normal development. Therefore, when the seedlings have 2 - 3 true leaves, you need to pick into a separate container.
A pick will help the seedling to grow powerful roots, which will then help the plant to quickly take root in the garden and provide itself with food. But it should be remembered that after the procedure, the seedlings will stop growing for a while.
For seedlings of low-growing varieties, such as Dubrava, you can pick up not very large pots - 8/8 cm in size.Before the procedure, no later than 3 hours in advance, the seedlings are well watered. Then the seedlings are buried in the soil until the cotyledons begin to grow. To avoid the formation of voids, water the soil with warm water or a very weak solution of manganese. For 2 - 3 days, the seedlings are kept in a shaded place.
Picking tomatoes - video
A week after the pick, the temperature is maintained at 20 - 22 ° C, then reduced to 15 - 18 ° C. The first 2 weeks, transplanted tomatoes especially need moisture, then the frequency of watering should be reduced, allowing the top layer of the soil to dry out slightly.
For 1.5 - 2 weeks before planting in open ground, the seedlings begin to harden. You need to start by gradually lowering night temperatures and reducing watering. Then the seedlings can be taken out on the balcony for about 30 minutes. If the day is sunny, the plants are slightly shaded. The time spent outdoors is gradually increased.
Before transplanting into open ground, the seedlings must undergo a hardening procedure.
Transplanting seedlings into open ground
For an early ripe tomato variety Dubrava, it is best to choose a well-lit place in the southern or southwestern part of the garden. The site must be dry, without stagnant water. It's good if crops that do not belong to nightshades grew on this bed earlier:
Aromatic dill is a good precursor for tomato seedlings
The main thing is not to plant tomatoes in one place for 2 years in a row. Areas where potatoes were grown are not suitable for growing Dubrava tomato.
From soil, tomato Dubrava prefers loam or sandy loam. In the fall, a bucket of humus and 50 superphosphate are introduced for digging for 1 m². During spring digging, which is carried out a week before transplanting, nitrogen-containing fertilizers and potash are added. Application rate for 1 tbsp. of each substance per 1 m².
Planting seedlings in open ground is carried out when the topsoil (10 cm) warms up to 13 ° C. So that the bushes do not shade each other, they are planted at a distance of 35 - 45 cm.The width of the row spacing is at least 50 cm.
- Dig a hole 30 cm deep. Spill well with water. The soil should have the consistency of sour cream.
- Transplant seedlings using the transshipment method. Plant slightly at a slope so that part of the stem is buried up to the first pair of leaves (this encourages additional roots). But the tomato is not buried more than 12 cm from the level of the previous planting. The roots should be placed freely, without kinks.
- After planting, cover the hole with dry earth and tamp it. You can use peat as a mulch, which will help retain moisture in the soil.
How to plant tomatoes in open ground - video
After transplanting, the seedlings are not watered for 7 to 10 days, allowing the plant to take root. But be sure to visually assess the condition of the plant. If it is very hot outside, the plants may wilt. In this case, humidification is necessary.
It is best to transplant tomato seedlings to the garden in the evening or on a cloudy day. The sun will not be very hot and the plants will have the opportunity to quickly recover.
The seed method is good because you do not need to tinker with seedlings, plants grow with greater resistance to temperature drops and diseases, and have a more powerful root system. They start sowing seeds when the temperature of the soil warms up to 14 - 15 ° C. As a rule, suitable conditions develop in the second decade of April or early May. Before sowing in open ground, tomato seeds Dubrava are treated in an already known way. And the soil is prepared in the same way as for transplanting seedlings.
- Up to 3 seeds are sown in a moistened hole.
- Sprinkle with dry soil on top. If a cold snap is expected, the well can be protected with a cover material or a 6 liter cut-bottom plastic bottle.
- When shoots appear, the strongest is chosen, the rest are carefully removed.
Young tomato bushes feel great under a reliable shelter from plastic bottles
Dubrava tomatoes are unpretentious, even an inexperienced gardener can safely take on their cultivation. The agricultural technology of the variety is very simple, but it has some nuances.
Watering and weeding
The variety does not need to be watered often, but you will have to monitor the moisture content of the soil in order to prevent severe overdrying in the area of the root system. Unlike other varieties, Dubrava can even withstand waterlogged soil. But still, you should not risk it, the soil under the bush should be in a moderately moist state, which mulch will help to maintain. The day after watering, light loosening should be performed to maintain normal oxygen access to the roots.
Dubrava tomatoes prefer moderately moist soil
After transplanting seedlings into open beds, soil moisture must be maintained at 60%. In such conditions, in the first 2 weeks, the bushes will quickly take root and show excellent growth.
During the growing season, it is necessary to carry out at least 3 weeding, which will free the aisles from weeds. In addition, clean soil is the key to plant health.
On clean beds and the harvest pleases
Frequent feeding can provoke the growth of green mass and reduce the ability to form ovaries. Therefore, excessive nitrogen application should be refrained from.
- The first feeding is carried out 2 weeks after transplanting into the ground. For this, 25 g of superphosphate, 5 g of urea and 6 - 10 g of potassium salt are added per 1 m².
- When fruits begin to set, treat the plant with organic matter. One plant consumes 0.8 liters of mullein or bird droppings solution. You can use wood ash - 100 g per 1 m².
If the soil on your site is depleted, then fertilize every 20 days. The foliage will tell you about the lack of any trace element.
By what signs can you determine the lack of trace elements - table
Tomato leaves will tell you what trace elements the culture lacks
Garter and shaping
The peculiarity of the Dubrava variety not to form stepchildren will save the gardener from unnecessary work. To increase the yield, the bush is formed from 3 to 4 shoots.
The short stature allows the cultivar to be grown without trellises or supports. But still, when the plant begins to bear fruit, it is better to tie it up so that the brushes with pouring fruits do not break.
Dubrava tomatoes are undersized, but during the ripening of the crop it is better to tie the brushes with the fruits
Features of growing tomato Dubrava in a greenhouse
The Dubrava variety is universal, because it can be grown not only in an open garden, but also in a greenhouse. Moreover, the variety is able to set more fruits in indoor conditions.Despite the fact that the greenhouse microclimate is very suitable for growing tomatoes, there are some nuances that are important to observe in order to obtain the maximum yield.
- optimal temperature - during the day from 18 to 25 ° С, at night not lower than 15 ° С;
- humidity of air and soil should not exceed 70%. And this is important, since a greenhouse culture with an increase in humidity often suffers from fungal diseases;
- It is recommended to ventilate greenhouses frequently. But this must be done so that drafts do not form inside;
- for the formation of a crop, Dubrava tomatoes need to provide good lighting.
A greenhouse can become a paradise for Dubrava tomatoes, but subject to certain rules
Other agricultural techniques, such as soil preparation, top dressing and bush formation, are carried out in the same way as when growing in open ground.
Pay special attention to the plant during the flowering period. Despite the fact that Dubrava tomatoes are a self-pollinating crop, in a greenhouse, mass flowering cannot be a guarantee of a good harvest.
- pollen quality decreases at temperatures below 13 ° C. And when the thermometer rises above 30 ° C, the pollen becomes completely unviable;
- watch the humidity of the air. Excessive dryness is unacceptable, as well as high humidity, then the pollen begins to stick together and loses its volatility;
- attract insects to the greenhouse.
So that the flowering of the Dubrava tomato in the greenhouse is not in vain, observe the temperature regime
Diseases and pests
Tomatoes Dubrava are unpretentious and, subject to the conditions of agricultural technology, there are no special problems with the occurrence of diseases and infestations of pests. But as a rule, nature often interferes with the gardener's plans to harvest a good harvest. Sudden changes in day and night temperatures, rainy periods or frequent fogs dramatically reduce the plant's immunity. In order to prevent problems during such periods, you need to have the necessary drugs on hand to stop the spread of infections and insects.
Disease and pest control measures - table
When treating tomatoes with fungicides, do not forget about your own protection.
Reviews of tomato varieties Dubrava
Tomato Dubrava is a versatile product that will delight you with both taste and will bring great benefits to the body, even after heat treatment. And how nice it is to admire the strong bush, against the background of the bright greenery of which the pouring fruits proudly flaunt. And believe me, it is very easy to grow Dubrava tomatoes - a novice gardener can cope with it.
Good day! My name is Irina. I live in a wonderful place - Crimea. Educator by education. I love nature and animals very much. I have been fond of floriculture for a long time, but I have just begun to master garden wisdom. My motto is live, learn.
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Characteristics and description of the Dubrava tomato variety, yield and cultivation
Tomatoes are the most popular product for growing among gardeners. However, against the background of all species existing today, farmers give preference to those that are unpretentious in cultivation, care, and are suitable for planting in open ground. One of the most successful varieties of tomatoes is Dubrava (Dubok), which does not require the formation of bushes or pinching.
- 1 Description and characteristics of the variety
- 1.1 Productivity of tomato Dubok
- 1.2 Scope of the fruit
- 1.3 Resistance to diseases and pests
- 1.4 Advantages and disadvantages of Dubrava tomato
- 2 Features of growing tomatoes
- 2.1 Landing dates
- 2.2 Growing tomato seedlings
- 2.3 Site selection and preparation
- 2.4 Planting seedlings in the ground
- 3 Rules for caring for tomatoes
- 3.1 Watering and fertilizing
- 3.2 Formation of bushes
- 3.3 Tying
- 3.4 Stealing
- 4 Pest and disease control measures
- 5 Harvesting and storage
- 6 Reviews of gardeners
Tomato Dubrava: description of fruits
varieties Early maturity and high yield, coupled with minimal resistance, care for cold weather and viral diseases, greatly increase the popularity of crops.
Compact and decorative tomato reviews (Dubrava gardeners are unanimous in this) can be grown on a balcony or on a wide windowsill. Fruits are red, bright, rounded with barely outlined ribbing, average size, reaching a mass of 55-110 g with a dense fleshy wall and a small number of seeds. Excellent consistency makes the fruit universal: they are also suitable for processing (canning, juices, vegetable purees and for) and fresh salad ketchup.