Alissum

Alissum

Alyssum (Alyssum), also called sea lobularia, or beetroot, is a genus that is part of the Cabbage family (formerly Cruciferous). This genus includes about 100 different species. In nature, such plants can be found in Asia, North Africa and Europe. The word "alissum" itself is a Latinization of the Greek word "alisson", where "a" is translated as "without" (negation), and "lyssa" means "canine rabies." There is an assumption that this plant in ancient times was used in the treatment of rabies in dogs. Gardeners began to cultivate alyssum relatively recently, but it is becoming more and more popular from year to year. This is due to the fact that the flower is very easy to care for, and it also has a very strong honey scent.

Features of alissum

The height of a low-growing ground cover plant alyssum can vary from 0.15 to 0.4 m. Strongly branching stems are semi-lignified at the base. Small leaf plates obovate or oblong have pubescence on the surface. Small racemose inflorescences consist of small flowers that can be colored yellow, pink, purple, white, lilac or red. Flowering begins in May and ends in late autumn. The fruit is a pod, inside which there are seeds, they remain viable for 3 years. This plant is a good honey plant, which has a spicy honey smell that attracts bees.

You should know that alyssum and sea lobularia are different plants that are closest relatives. However, they are so similar to each other that gardeners, for simplicity, refer them to the same genus. These plants differ in color of flowers: in lobularia they are lilac, white or pink, and in alissum they are yellow or fawn.

Alyssum is cultivated by flower growers both as a perennial and as an annual. It is grown in flower beds, in flower beds and flowerpots. It is often used to fill areas of spring bulbous plants that are empty after flowering.

ALISSUM - FROM SOWING TO FLOWERING IN ONE VIDEO!

Growing alissum from seeds

Sowing

It is possible to grow alissum from seeds in a seedless and seedling way. If a seedless growing method was chosen, then sowing seeds in open soil should be done in the first days of May. They are buried in the soil only 15 mm. After the seedlings appear as a solid carpet, they will need to be thinned out. If sowing was carried out in spring, then flowering will be belated. Sowing can be done before winter, in the cold season, the seeds will be able to undergo natural stratification, and then friendly shoots will appear in the spring, while the senses will be relatively strong and their flowering will begin in a timely manner.

Seedling care

However, most gardeners prefer to grow alyssum through seedlings, because this method is distinguished by its reliability. Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in March or April. The boxes should be filled with a nutritious light substrate, which contains a little lime (pH 5.5-6.2). The seeds are evenly distributed over the surface of the substrate, not very densely, then they are slightly pressed into the surface or sprinkled with a thin layer of the substrate. The containers must be rearranged in a well-lit place, having previously covered them with film or glass. The optimum temperature should be between 10 and 15 degrees. Crops should be moderately moistened and ventilated regularly. If everything is done correctly, then the first seedlings will appear after 7 days or earlier.

Immediately after the seedlings begin to form the first true leaf plate, they should be fed with complex fertilizer. It will be possible to cut the seedlings into individual cups only after the plants have formed 2 or 3 true leaf plates. However, if the seedlings grow very quickly, then you do not need to dive them, when the time comes, they are immediately planted in open soil.

ALISSUM seed growing

Planting alyssum in open ground

What time to plant

It is possible to plant alyssum seedlings in open soil in the last days of May or in the first days of June, it should be borne in mind that return spring frosts should be left behind. The site must be well lit. A dry, well-drained neutral soil saturated with humus is best suited for planting. Slightly acidic or slightly alkaline soil is also suitable for planting. This plant grows well between stones or slabs that are heated by the sun.

Landing features

When planning to plant seedlings in open soil, one should take into account the fact that this plant grows rather quickly in breadth. In this regard, when planting between the bushes, a distance of about 0.4 m should be observed. Although the distance between plants should be significantly influenced by their type and variety. The size of the planting hole should be such that the root system of the plant, taken together with an earthen lump, can freely fit in it. The planted flowers should not be deeply buried. The planted plants need abundant watering. If the bushes have grown a lot, then during planting in open ground they can be divided, and the cuttings are planted as independent plants. Alyssum grown from seed begins to bloom 6-7 weeks after the seedlings appear.

Lobularia (Alyssum). Open ground transplant

Alyssum care

Alyssum grown in the garden is very easy to care for. Such a plant must be watered, weeded, fed, cut in a timely manner, and the surface of the soil should also be regularly loosened. Watering such a flower should be systematic, while watering should be abundant during a prolonged drought. It should be remembered that if the plant lacks moisture, then it can throw off both the buds and the opened flowers. However, it is possible to water the plant abundantly only if the soil passes water well. If there is stagnation of liquid in the soil, then the bushes will get wet and die. To understand whether watering is required for Alyssum, you need to dig the soil to a depth of 30–40 mm with a shovel. If the soil there is dry, it means that these flowers must be watered. When watering is finished, it is recommended to remove all weeds from the site, and also to loosen its surface between the bushes. In order to significantly reduce the number of weeding and watering, in the spring after planting, the surface of the site should be sprinkled with a layer of mulch. But it should be borne in mind that even if the site is mulched, its surface still needs to be systematically loosened, since this procedure improves the air and water permeability of the soil, and therefore it is very important when growing this flower crop.

Alyssum, which is a perennial, must be fertilized during the growth of green mass; for this, fertilizers containing nitrogen are used. To prepare a nutrient solution for 1 bucket of water, take 1 large spoonful of urea and Agricola-7. Before flowering begins, the plant must be fed with complex fertilizer, which must be applied to the soil. Annuals need frequent feeding, so, during the season they are fed 4 times, while the first fertilization is done shortly before the alissum blooms. If you feed annuals correctly and on time, they will delight the gardener with lush flowering.

Pruning alyssum

In order for the alyssum to develop correctly and bloom magnificently, it must be pruned in a timely manner and correctly. In spring, it is necessary to cut off all dried foliage from perennials, peduncles left over from last year, as well as weak and diseased stems. When the summer flowering is over, it is necessary to repeat the pruning procedure, and then shorten all the stems by 50–80 mm, this will provoke repeated flowering. In addition, the bushes after pruning look more compact and well-groomed.

Diseases and pests

The cruciferous flea is the most dangerous for this culture, because it is quite difficult to get rid of it. The affected bushes should be sprayed with a solution of vinegar essence (1 large spoon for 1 bucket of water), however, only adults, sufficiently powerful specimens can withstand such treatment.

Caterpillars can also harm flowers. To get rid of them, alissums are sprayed with infusion of tobacco with soap or chamomile. Whites and cabbage moths can also harm the plant; to get rid of them, use lepidocide or entobacterin.

If the soil has insufficient water permeability, as well as with constant stagnation of liquid in the soil, the plant develops late blight (brown rot), which affects the root system and the root collar of the bush. It is recommended to spray the affected plant with copper oxychloride or fungicidal preparations (Thanos, Ordan or Kuproksat).

Also, the plant can get sick with downy mildew or powdery mildew, as well as a viral mosaic. To get rid of powdery mildew, the bush is sprayed with Topaz or Bordeaux mixture, and in the fight against downy mildew, Ordan, Oxykhom or Bordeaux liquid are used. The viral mosaic is currently not amenable to treatment.

Alyssum after flowering

Seed collection

You need to collect seeds in the last days of September or the first ones in October. Choose a dry day with no wind. It is necessary to spread the fabric directly on the ground, and then they take the inflorescences in their hands and carefully rub them. When you're done, remove any large debris, and leave the small ones. For drying, the seeds are placed in a dry room with very good ventilation, but there should be no drafts. Seeds should be poured into a cloth bag and stored until spring. If the seeds have already spilled out onto the ground, then in this case it is necessary to carefully sweep them out with a broom from under the bushes. Once the debris has been removed, the seeds should be stored in the same way as described above.

Perennial wintering

Alyssum has an average winter hardiness, so if the air temperature drops less than minus 15 degrees, the plant will die. However, in regions with fairly mild winters, this flower, if properly prepared, can survive the colder months. In late autumn, the site should be covered with dried foliage. After the snow falls, a snowdrift should be thrown over the foliage. If you cover the alissums in this way, they will be able to survive the winter, while the green foliage will remain on the bush. It is not recommended to prune the plant before winter; a haircut is arranged in spring.

Types and varieties of alissum with photos and names

Alyssum rocky (Alyssum saxatile)

This highly branched perennial plant can reach a height of about 0.3 m. The bushes have a hemispherical shape, and in diameter they reach about 0.4 m. At the base, the branchy shoots are lignified. Dense rosettes consist of oblong or obovate leaf plates of a bluish color, outwardly they look like felt. They remain on the plant even in winter. Short, fluffy racemose inflorescences are composed of small yellow flowers that have notched petals. Flowering occurs in spring and lasts approximately 5.5 weeks. Re-flowering is possible in the last summer weeks. Varieties:

  1. Citrinum... On a low bush are yellow-lemon flowers.
  2. Compactum... The height of the bush is about 18 centimeters, the small flowers are very fragrant.
  3. Golden wave... The height of the bush is about 0.2 m. This variety begins to bloom only at the age of two. The flowers are yellow.
  4. The plenum... Terry golden flowers bloom on a bush about 0.3 m high.

Alyssum sea (Alyssum maritimum), or sea lobularia

In regions with a warm climate, such a plant is grown as a perennial. Its height can vary from 0.08 to 0.4 m. It has a large number of branches creeping along the surface of the site, as a result of which dense bushes are formed. Fleshy small leaf plates of oval shape and silvery color have small pubescence on the surface. The racemose inflorescences consist of small flowers with a honey smell. In the wild, varieties with lilac and white flowers can be found. However, there are many varieties in culture, the flowers of which can be colored purple, pink or red. This kind blooms from spring to autumn. Varieties:

  1. Tiny Tim... This dwarf plant reaches a height of 80 mm. The flowering is lush, there are a lot of white flowers, because of them it is even impossible to see any shoots or foliage. It is used as a ground cover plant.
  2. Easter Bonnet Deep Rose... Lush flowering, deep pink flowers.
  3. Princess in Purple... This ampelous variety is recommended to be grown in flowerpots or hanging pots. In length, the spreading stems can reach 0.35 m. The pale lilac flowers are very fragrant.
  4. Violet Konigin... Densely branched compact bush in height reaches from 10 to 15 centimeters. The flowers are purple.

Alyssum Gmelin, or alissum mountain (Alyssum gmelinii, or Alyssum montanum)

This perennial plant is frost-resistant. Its height can vary from 0.1 to 0.2 m. Shoots are creeping and ascending. On the surface of the leaf plates there is a dense pubescence, consisting of stellate hairs, because of it it seems that the foliage is painted gray. The racemose inflorescences are composed of yellow flowers. Flowering begins in April or May.

There are also the following types of alissum: Lena, winding, Savran, rough, cup, Pyrenean, creeping and silver.

In recent years, thanks to breeders, a large number of alissum varieties have appeared, the most popular of which are the following:

  1. Palette... The height of miniature plants does not exceed 10 cm. Flowers can be painted in a variety of colors: pink, crimson, brown, white, red and lilac. At the flower shop, you can buy a mixture of Alyssum Palette seeds, from which bushes with flowers of various colors grow, making it easy to create a colorful carpet in the garden.
  2. Big Jam... This large-flowered variety has 1.5 times more flowers than ordinary species. They can be colored purple, pale lilac, lavender and white. The height of the bushes is about 0.35 m. The variety is frost and drought resistant, it blooms even at minus 3 degrees.
  3. Gold placer... The bush has a spherical shape. The leaf plates are narrow. Shoots practically lie on the surface of the soil. Small, dense racemose inflorescences are composed of rich yellow flowers. This variety is recommended for growing on rocky hills, as well as for decorating retaining walls.
  4. White carpet... Long and lush flowering, white flowers. Used as a ground cover plant.
  5. Pink rug... The height of densely branched bushes is about 12 centimeters. There is pubescence on the surface of small bluish leaf plates. The brushes are composed of small lilac-pink fragrant flowers. Often, this variety is used as an ampelous plant for balconies, and also frame flower beds and flower beds with such flowers.

Aubrieta: growing from seeds, types and varieties

Author: Natalia Category: Garden Plants Published: February 14, 2019 Last edited: November 03, 2020

  • Planting and caring for your shaved
  • Botanical description
  • Growing Aubriets from seeds
    • How to sow seeds
    • Seedling care
    • Aubriet picking
  • Planting aubriets in open ground
    • When to plant
    • How to plant
  • Shaving care in the garden
    • Growing conditions
    • Reproduction of obriety
    • Pests and diseases
  • Perennial shaved after flowering
    • How and when to collect seeds
    • Preparing for winter
  • Types and varieties
    • Aubrieta deltoidea
    • Cultural Aubrieta (Aubrieta x cultorum)
  • Literature
  • Comments (1)

Plant obrieta (lat.Aubrieta), or aubretia, belongs to the genus of creeping evergreen herbaceous perennial flowering plants of the Cabbage family, numbering 12 species. Aubriet is grown in rock gardens and gardens throughout Europe, and in nature it can be found in the Balkans, Italy, southern France, Asia Minor and even South America, where it lives on rocks and river banks. The flower received its Latin name in honor of the French artist Claude Aubrier, who worked in the genre of botanical illustration, and we call it ... windbag.
Blooming Aubrieta is a bright solid carpet. A characteristic feature of the plant is that it retains its beautiful foliage even in winter.


Popular types of alissum

Below are the popular types of lobularia with a photo.

Silver (Alyssum argenteum)

Perennial, reaching about several tens of centimeters in height, its natural habitat is the European continent. Differs in decorative yellow inflorescences, long, lanceolate silvery-gray-green leaves.

Borage borage (Alyssum alyssoides)

Perennial plant, 30 cm high, with low requirements. Natural habitats - Southern Europe, Caucasus. Grows in roadside ditches, thickets. The flowers are yellow, the leaves are lanceolate, gray, shaggy.

Rocky (Alyssum saxatile)

Grown in gardens, a variety with high decorative qualities. Small requirements for the habitat. In April, it is covered with thousands of yellow flowers, creating interesting sun cushions that perfectly contrast with other colors, such as purple phlox. Originally from the mountainous regions of Europe and Asia. Shrub with lignified shoots. Flowers are collected in a panicle. The leaves are lanceolate, gray-green. The bush reaches a height of 30 cm. After flowering, if it is not necessary for the plant to produce seeds, cut the flowers and wait for flowering again.

Perennial rocky species grow well, creating yellow flower fields during the flowering period. When the inflorescences turn red, it is worth cutting off the stems. Then leaves covered with silver pile become decoration, flowers can appear again in early autumn.

Mountain Alyssum (Alyssum montanum)

Perennial characteristic of the European landscape. It takes a creeping form, the bushes reach a height of 20 cm. Yellow flowers are collected in bunches. Leaves are gray-green, lanceolate. It is considered a long-lived plant.

Lobularia marine - alyssum marine (Alyssum maritimum, Lobularia maritima)

An annual plant with a wide variety of uses. It is planted in the garden, in boxes, pots on the balcony, terrace. Forms compact, very branched, flowering bushes. Blooms profusely in summer in flowers - white, yellow, pink, purple. After pruning, it blooms again, so you can extend the flowering period. Reaches a height of 20-30 cm, is characterized by bright flowers collected in clusters. The leaves are lanceolate, covered with hairs.

The marine varieties have a very pleasant, slightly sweet honey aroma. Most often they are white, but they are also found in shades:

  • pink
  • purple
  • maroon.

There are varieties with leaves that are discolored to a white or creamy shade.

Ampel varieties of alissum

During the season, the plant grows, the stems hang down, alyssum takes on a hanging shape.

The marine species includes a whole group of varieties with the collective name ampelous. These varieties look great in the garden, on the balcony, on the terrace. The name ampelous is associated with the shape of the plant, which has characteristic, slightly drooping, twisting shoots, covered with beautiful flowers during the flowering of alyssum. Appropriate pruning of ampel varieties will help create an interesting sphere that looks beautiful when released freely.

Flowers work great on verandas in hanging pots. In the garden, they can be planted over stones so that the shoots fall well. Ampel Alyssum stands out in every garden and is very popular.

The most common types of garden beetroot:

  1. mountain
  2. nautical
  3. rocky
  4. silver.


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