As far as I can remember, this green shaggy bush grows in our house. True, in my childhood my mother called him "spider", and now I already know its botanical name - Chlorophytum crested or Chlorophytum comosum.
This lush bush feels great in almost any conditions of detention. I appreciate it for its unpretentiousness and resistance to disease. Mom loves how elegant and decorative chlorophytum looks in hanging pots.
And all the acquaintances are surprised at the refined beauty of the flowers of this plant. They look like tiny lilies - simple and aristocratic at the same time. And this is not surprising, because chlorophytum belongs to the Liliaceae family. It is even sometimes called the "lily of St. Bernard".
Although Chlorophytum is crested and is considered an unpretentious plant, it still requires some care. If I were asked to formulate these rules in one phrase, I would say: "The main thing is not to overdo it." Why?
In short, because Chlorophytum DOES NOT NEED:
- large pot,
- a lot of fertilizers,
- saturated earth,
- a lot of light.
All these features are associated with the fact that Chlorophytum is an epiphytic plant. That is, in nature, it grows - like all epiphytes - on the bark of trees, in trunk cracks and crevices. The homeland of this plant is the humid tropics and subtropics of South Asia, South Africa and Australia. The climate in these regions is humid and warm for most of the year. Chlorophytum in natural conditions has time to grow and give several "children" - new daughter processes. But also in these places there are often periods of drought. Then chlorophytum survives due to the moisture accumulated in the succulent roots. So, taking into account everything written, we can come to the conclusion that caring for chlorophytum at home should be moderately reasonable.
Due to its unpretentiousness, Chlorophytum crested has been successfully cultivated in greenhouses for more than 200 years. True, this plant became an indoor plant only at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century. The name of this flower is deeply symbolic. Chlorophytum comes from two words: chloros - green and phyton - plant. Now there are more than 215 species of Chlorophytum.
Soil and flowerpots
It is a flower that does not require any special soil. Floral, neutral soil (pH about 6-7) is suitable. It should be loose and light. If you compose an earthen substrate yourself, for chlorophytum, take the following components: sod, leafy earth, humus earth and sand (2: 2: 2: 1, respectively). If there is no humus component, you can put more turf soil.
Chlorophytum crested is a tropical plant, so its roots grow strongly, so I choose wide flowerpots. It is imperative to pour good drainage at the bottom.
And the sun, and partial shade, and even the shadow
Chlorophytum is very adaptable to survival in various conditions, so it can tolerate any kind of lighting. This flower can grow in the sun, in the shade, and in partial shade. But ... The bright sun can dry out the soil in the pot, besides, the leaves turn a little pale, as if they are fading. In a strong shade, the leaves also lack ultraviolet light to produce pigment, and they lose brightness. Therefore, it is best to position Chlorophytum so that it is in partial shade for most of the day, and direct sunlight hits the plant for only a few hours a day.
For example, I grow Chlorophytum in a hanging flowerpot on the wall opposite the southwest window. Diffused sunlight hits the flower from 2 pm to 6 pm. This is enough for the plant to feel great.
This flower is also quite tolerant to temperature changes. A temperature of 12 to 25 ° C is suitable for him. In hot weather, frequent spraying is needed to maintain the required humidity. And in winter, it grows even at a temperature of 12-14 ° C (but not lower than 10-12 ° C). But still, chlorophytum is a lover of heat.
A visitor from the tropics loves water
Of course, Chlorophytum is not Balsam, and if you forget to water it in time, it will not fade. But still, this plant is moisture-loving. And with insufficient watering, chlorophytum acts like a camel - it thickens the petioles, accumulating moisture in reserve, and the leaves dry up at this time.
In spring and summer, Chlorophytum crested should be watered abundantly, and in winter - moderately.
In order to prevent the tips of the leaves from drying out, Crested Chlorophytum needs to be fed weekly with flower fertilizer. Top dressing is also important because the mother plant supports the nutrition of "children", which grow very quickly on thin stems. They take away the strength from the main flower, and it can wither. It will not die, of course, but it will look unaesthetic.
Reproduction by children and not only
Many growers leave "children" so that the flower looks voluminous and justifies its name Chlorophytum crested. But this weakens the mother plant. How to be? It is best to cut off the grown bundles from time to time and use them as planting material. And Chlorophytum will raise new children for you in return.
Most often, this "flying" flower is propagated by children - shoots from the main plant. As a rule, a lot of them appear already in the first year of the life of Chlorophytum. Thin stems extend from the flower, on which white small flowers first appear, and then bunches of leaves grow in their place. These hanging spiders already have their own tiny aerial roots.
You can dig a rosette of leaves into a nearby pot with soil without cutting off the stem. When the plant is well established, the cutter will need to be cut off. You can simply tear off the "baby" and put it in water so that roots 2-2.5 cm long will grow. After the sprout is planted in a separate flowerpot.
Chlorophytum crested is also propagated by seeds or by dividing the bush during transplantation. The first method is quite time consuming. But by dividing the plant during transplantation, you can not only multiply it, but also heal it - especially if the roots have grown very much and they do not have enough nutrition. Dividing the plant will then give the root system more room to grow.
By the way, the transplantation of Chlorophytum crested is most successful in the spring - before the period of violent vegetation.
Not painful, but needs attention
Chlorophytum crested is not very susceptible to various diseases. But with improper care, even he can get sick. So sometimes aphids start on the plant, especially if it is located next to flowers that are highly susceptible to this scourge. A worm may also start, especially if you overdo it with watering.
The leaves take on a brown tint at the edges both with waterlogging and with a lack of water. The bay can also lead to the fact that roots begin to rot.
A spider mite or scale insect can also settle on a weakened plant. I treat Chlorophytum with soapy water. If the plant is very sick, you need to apply actellic (1 ml / l of water).
Kind with healthy
If you are a beginner florist - Chlorophytum crested is perfect for you. I have already told about his unpretentiousness and the rules of leaving. Chlorophytum is also a very useful flower. It cleans the air from pathogenic particles and harmful microorganisms. It is especially effective in neutralizing decomposition products that occur when burning natural gas. Therefore, it can be planted in the kitchen.
- Indoor Plants Information
Sections: Houseplants Ornamental deciduous Plants for the kitchen Asparagus Plants on X
Chlorophytum. How to contain what he loves?
The most unpretentious plant Likes a lot of light, abundant watering in summer, less often in winter.
Temperature. Moderate. In winter, not lower than 18 ° C. Chlorophytum will not die at unfavorable temperatures, but this will certainly affect its appearance. Cold drafts, or keeping near an uninsulated window, harm the plant.
Lighting. Bright diffused light. Grows well near the east or west window. It can grow on the northern window, but in a too dark place the plant loses its decorative appeal. The south window needs shading.
Watering. Abundant from spring to autumn. The soil should be moist at all times. Moderate in winter.
Fertilizer. Fertilizing watering is carried out once every 2 weeks from March to August with complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants.
Air humidity. In the summer, it is useful to spray the leaves from time to time and arrange a warm shower. Spraying is mandatory if the plant is kept near the heating system.
Transfer. Every year in February - March. Large plants or old ones are transplanted after two years, but fed annually. Soil - 2 parts of sod, 1 part of humus, 1 part of leafy soil and 1 part of sand. Chlorophytum has large thick roots, if they grow, then the pots will crack near the bottom. Therefore, chlorophytum is given spacious dishes.
Reproduction. Rooting of daughter outlets, as well as division during transplantation.
It grows well in the light and in partial shade, but in the light the white stripes are colored brighter. Can be grown on a sunny windowsill or in the shade at a temperature of 15-25 ° C (in winter not lower than 7 ° C).
Watering chlorophytum, especially in winter, should be done in moderation.
Humidity: additional information
In the summer they spray as often as possible.
Chlorophytum is completely undemanding to growing conditions. When dry ends are formed, they are removed and watered often, adding top dressing with each watering.
After flowering, "babies" are formed on them - young plants of chlorophytum, consisting of a rosette of leaves and adventitious roots. They take root easily and serve for reproduction. An adult plant with numerous "babies" on 10-15 flowering shoots, with many hanging lashes ending in rosettes, is very decorative.
Chlorophytum bushes grow strongly, therefore, with an annual transplant in February - March, they must be divided.
Soil: a mixture of turf, leafy soil and sand (3: 1: 1).
- abundant watering in winter at low temperatures can lead to the appearance of brown spots on the leaves
- if the leaves turn yellow and fall off in winter, then the plant is overheated or does not receive enough light
- with a lack of nutrition or dry air, the tips of the leaves turn brown
- the reason that the leaves in winter become pale, soft, turn yellow and fall off may be too warm content and lack of light
- young plants do not bloom, and the lack of peduncles in adult plants can be caused by the tightness of the pot.
It is affected by scale insects, aphids, mealybugs.
Experts have found that chlorophytum purifies the air from formaldehyde and carbon monoxide. It is recommended to grow it in the kitchen.
Family: Liliaceae, Liliaceae.
Origin: South Africa.
Flowering time: All year round.
The genus contains over 200 plant species. Chlorophytum is one of the most common indoor plants. One of the reasons for the popularity of chlorophytum is its endurance. It can grow in a cold and warm room, in the light and in the shade, and is not afraid of dry air. Unpretentious plant with long, 20-80 cm, with green or yellow-green, with longitudinal stripes, hard lanceolate leaves. The roots are thick and fleshy, with root tubers. It blooms with small, white, star-shaped flowers located on a long peduncle, on which daughter rosettes are then developed, capable of rooting. Chlorophytum crested (Chlorophitum comosum) has pure green leaves, in the species Chlorophytum crested variegated (C. comosum variegatum) leaves 30-40 cm long with white stripes, in the Vittatum form - leaves 60-70 cm long with a white central stripe, sometimes with several, the compact form - Chlorophytum crested mandaianum (C. comosum mandaianum) leaves with yellow stripes. Chlorophytum crested variegated Bonnie (Chlorophytum comosum variegatum ‘Bonnie’) has curly leaves with white stripes, Chlorophytum crested Laxum (C. comosum ‘Laxum’) with leaves thinner than all previous species, with white stripes along the edges of the leaves.
Soil: Common flower soil, pH around 6.
Lighting: Bright place or partial shade.
Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn, moderate in winter.
Fertilizers: Weekly flower fertilization.
Temperature: Moderate, preferably outdoors in summer. In winter, at least 8 ° C.
Reproduction: offspring, division during transplantation
Pests, diseases: Aphids, worms with waterlogging or lack of moisture, the leaves turn brown at the edges, the roots can rot from excess moisture.
Chlorophytum crested pleases me with its unpretentiousness, beautiful flowering and wonderful numerous children. In the summer I walk him on the glassed-in balcony, he really likes it. If a lot of children grow on a mother plant, the parent has a hard time, and he begins to wither very slowly. Therefore, it is better not to leave the children on the "mommy" and separate them for a very long time (more than six months).
Temperature: Moderate. In winter, not lower than 18 ° C. Of course, unpretentious chlorophytum will not die at unfavorable temperatures, but this will certainly affect its appearance. Cold drafts, or keeping near an uninsulated window, harm the plant.
Lighting: Bright diffused light. Grows well near the east or west window. It can grow on the northern window, but in a too dark place the plant loses its decorative appeal. The south window needs shading.
Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn. The soil should be moist at all times. Moderate in winter.
Fertilizer: fertilizing watering is carried out once every 2 weeks from March to August with complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants.
Humidity: In summer, it is useful to spray the leaves from time to time and arrange a warm shower. Spraying is mandatory if the plant is kept near the heating system.
Transfer: Annually in February - March. Large plants or old ones are transplanted after two years, but they are fed annually. Soil - 2 parts of sod, 1 part of humus, 1 part of leafy soil and 1 part of sand. Chlorophytum has large thick roots, if they grow, then the pots will crack near the bottom. Therefore, chlorophytum is given spacious dishes.
Reproduction: Rooting of daughter rosettes, as well as division during transplantation.
The tips of the leaves turn brown and have more or less yellowing - with improper watering, sudden changes in temperature and with a lack or excess of nutrients in the soil.
Variegated leaves lose their color and become uniformly green - with a lack of light or when the pot becomes cramped.
Leaves are pale and soft in winter, turn yellow and fall off - Too high temperature and insufficient lighting.
Brown spots on leaves in winter - Excessive watering at low air temperatures in winter when the plant is at rest. Reduce watering.
Brown spots and edges on shriveled leaves - Dry soil at the roots. During the growth period, chlorophytum needs abundant watering.
What does chlorophytum look like: the decorative value of an indoor flower
Dense bunches of lanceolate leaves grow from the fleshy roots, reaching 15 to 60 cm in length. The leaves of chlorophytum are long and xiphoid; they can be either a monochromatic green color or with lighter longitudinal stripes. The front surface of the leaf is smooth, and on the back there is a central vein, strongly swollen.
Chlorophytum is a medium-sized flower that grows intensively - a young plant becomes an adult in about a year... During the summer, shoots up to 80 cm in length are formed, on which small white inconspicuous flowers are located, and after flowering, vegetative buds form, from which young rosettes develop. Several inflorescences can be located along the entire length of the shoot, which consist of 2-6 greenish-white unsightly peduncles.
The chlorophytum flower does not create a special visual effect, since it looks very simple and inconspicuous. Small white flowers look like miniature lilies. But when numerous leafy rosettes with aerial roots are formed in their places, the chlorophytum becomes fluffy and elegant. The fruit of the plant is a triangular box.
Perhaps everyone knows what this exotic looks like, since until recently there was no apartment or office, wherever it was grown. The main decorative value of the plant is not in flowers, but in lush bright leaves.
Currently, chlorophytum varieties with wider leaves have become popular indoor flowers. They look great, are effective in any interior and do not require complex maintenance. Most often, the plant is grown in hanging pots such as ampelous, however, flowers also look great on the windowsill. People often call the plant "spider" or "green lily". Its life span can be up to 10 years.
The characteristics of the chlorophytum plant will be incomplete without mentioning its amazing property. The fact is that it cleans the air well due to the fact that it absorbs carbon monoxide and formaldehyde, and instead releases oxygen. The more polluted the air in the room, the more intensively the flower grows.
Chlorophytum has the ability to neutralize nicotine, therefore it is very suitable for smokers. Allergy sufferers and those who suffer from diseases of the lungs and bronchi, it is also necessary. The ability of a plant to humidify and purify air from bacteria has scientific confirmation, and therefore its content in residential and office premises is not only beautiful, but also useful.
Take a look at the photo how the chlorophytum flower forms leaf rosettes after flowering. It was for them that he was nicknamed, as it was said above, "spider":
The tips of the leaves have dried and turned brown
Reason: 1) the plant needs feeding, 2) the high temperature in the room.
Brown spots appear on the leaves in winter
Reason: abundant watering at rest.
In winter, the leaves are light and weakened
Reason: high temperature and low light in the room.
Brown spots on shriveled leaves
Reason: lack of water during the growth period.
Chlorophytum does not emit peduncles
Reason: the plant is too young or needs to be replaced with a larger pot.
Subscribe and receive descriptions of new species and varieties in the "decorative leaf (indoor)" section by mail!
Chlorophytum belongs to the category of useful and at the same time unpretentious indoor plants, which do not require special care. It grows in any conditions, pests and diseases on the plant are rare. It grows in the form of a rosette, and long leaves appear. Subject to the simple rules of care, over time, white inflorescences will begin to appear. A houseplant, unusual in shape and color, is capable of disinfecting the air from bacteria and microbes that pose a danger to people. As fertilizers, fertilizers of several types are used, the use of which should be carried out on the basis of the attached instructions.
Chlorophytums are surprisingly unpretentious indoor plants and this is perhaps their most important advantage. This is the reason for their so great popularity, which even today has fallen, but is still high.
Chlorophytums are great for beginners. But professionals will also be able to find a lot of interesting things for themselves if they give preference to more rare, more demanding in care, exotic varieties.