Sansevierias are valued for their interesting appearance and durability. Although the most common variety is known as Snake Plant or Mother-in-Law's Tongue for its long, pointed leaves that stand straight up in the pot, other varieties grow from compact rosettes and reach mature heights of only about 4 inches (10 cm). Because Sansevierias thrive with minimal care and live for many years, it seems nearly indestructible. Sansevieria is suitable for planting outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10b through 11.
Place Sansevierias in moderately bright or filtered light. Good locations include a spot in front of a north-facing window or front of a bright, sunny window covered by a sheer curtain. Although the plant tolerates low light, bright light brings out the colors in the leaves. However, intense light may cause the edges of the leaves to turn yellow.
Allow the soil to dry completely before watering, and then water deeply until water drips through the drainage hole. Allow the pot to drain and then discard the water that remains in the saucer. Never allow the soil to become soggy and never let the pot stand in water. Water sparingly throughout the winter. Like most succulent plants that store water in their leaves, Sansevieria rots quickly in excessively wet soil.
Place Sansevieria in average room temperatures. Protect the plant from drafts and cold temperatures as it is damaged at temperatures below 50 °F (10).
Feed the plant once every three weeks throughout the summer. Use a general-purpose fertilizer for houseplants diluted to one-half of the strength suggested on the container. Sansevieria is a light feeder, and too much fertilizer makes the leaves fall over.
Repot the plant into a container one size larger only when the roots outgrow the pot. Sansevieria thrives and may produce blooms when its roots are crowded. Fill the container with a lightweight commercial potting soil. Some people repot plants only when the roots crack the pot.
Remove dust by wiping the leaves with a soft, damp cloth. Avoid commercial leaf-shine products, which may damage the leaves or cause them to take on a rusty appearance. If any leaves are damaged or blemished, cut them off, even with the soil.
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What are Sansevierias?
Sansevierias (Sanseveria spp).are native to Africa, the island of Madagascar and southern Asia. They are only hardy in zones 9 through 11. Sansevieria are more commonly called snake plant or mother-in-law’s tongue. There are actually 70 different species. The most common species grown as a houseplant here in the US is S. trifasciata . It comes in two forms, an upright form and a smaller called a Birdnest sanseviera. The birdsnest forms are short, less than 12 inches, with curly leaves. .
More commonly seen are the plants with tall, upright leaves that can reach heights of 3 to 4 feet. The all green leaved plants are called snake plants and the gold bordered leaved plants are called mother-in-law’s tongue.
Sanseveria produce flowers, but they are tiny so the plants are grown for their foliage rather than their flowers. The tiny flowers grow in a bunch on long stems or racemes, eventually producing berries. In their native habitats, the flowers are pollinated by moths. Because the flowers are small in size and number, not many seeds are produced. Grown indoors, they will not produce berries because there are no moths to pollinate the flowers.
Sansevieria can grow from seeds, but they more often reproduce by spreading through underground rhizomes. The smaller types don’t spread as much but the taller types spread aggressively and can become invasive in the landscape in tropical areas.
A Birdnest sansevieria. Note how the leaves are shorter and twisted.
Sansevieria trifasciata care
After planting your snake plant, you need to provide care for it to grow well. The lead considerations that you should not ignore are the soil types that you will use, watering pruning, and propagation.
You will also need to know the right time that your plant will need repotting. Here is a guide that will help you to care for your Sansevieria trifasciata.
Guide to Sansevieria Cylindrica: How to Grow & Care for “African Spear”
Sansevieria Cylindrica (Dracaena Angolensis), commonly known as African Spear, Cylindrical Snake Plant, Spear Sansevieria, or Saint Bárbara Sword in Brazil, is an evergreen perennial native to Angola. What makes these curious-looking succulents interesting is their distinct, round-shaped leaves that grow from a basal rosette.
The species belongs to the Sansevieria genus that has been variously included in numerous families but it is usually placed nowadays in the Dracaenaceae family. Sansevieria Cylindrica was first described in 1837 by Wenceslas Bojer, a Czech naturalist, botanist, and botanical illustrator.
This succulent can be an extremely resistant houseplant and a friend in need, refreshing the air inside your home. Also, due to its capacity to keep the negative energies away, it is very valuable to Feng Shui culture amateurs.
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