Faucaria bosscheana

Faucaria bosscheana

Scientific Name

Faucaria bosscheana (A.Berger) Schwantes

Synonyms

Faucaria bosscheana var. bosscheana, Faucaria paucidens, Faucaria kendrewensis, Faucaria peersii, Mesembryanthemum bosscheanum, Faucaria albidens, Faucaria haagei

Scientific Classification

Family: Aizoaceae
Subfamily: Ruschioideae
Tribe: Ruschieae
Genus: Faucaria

Description

Faucaria bosscheana is a small succulent plant that grows up to 2 inches (5 cm) tall. Leaves are light green and quite variable in shape. They are pale green to gray-green, triangular, with 2 to 3 or no teeth, up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) long and up to 0.4 inches (1 cm) wide. Flowers are bright yellow, up to 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter, and appear from late fall to early winter.

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zone 9ba to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Faucarias are mostly spring and fall growers. The various species make excellent pot subjects and have been cultivated in Europe for over three hundred years. They need good drainage, but with a little shade, they will do just fine even with extreme heat, although they do stop growing then, and they need water every few days. When they lack water, like many other mesembs, the stems die, and some of the rosettes are not connected to the roots by any living tissue. When found in time, the rosettes can be used as cuttings and keep in the shade in a barely moist medium until the temperature cools down in the fall.

They bloom for several months in the fall or the beginning of winter. The flowers open around midday and close in the late afternoon. They often don't open if the weather is cloudy, or if they are in the shade. Flower color ranges from yellow to white and even pink. Most species will take a small amount of frost.

Faucarias are easily propagated by seed. See more at How to Grow and Care for Faucaria.

Origin

Native to South Africa (Eastern Cape).

Links

  • Back to genus Faucaria
  • Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus

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Name Status Confi­dence level Source Date supplied
Faucaria albidens N.E.Br. Synonym WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23
Faucaria bosscheana var. bosscheana Synonym TRO 2012-04-18
Faucaria bosscheana var. haagei (Tischer) Jacobsen Synonym WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23
Faucaria haagei Tischer Synonym WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23
Faucaria kendrewensis L.Bolus Synonym WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23
Faucaria paucidens N.E.Br. Synonym WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23
Faucaria peersii L.Bolus Synonym WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23
Mesembryanthemum bosscheanum A.Berger Unresolved WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23

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Faucaria bosscheana - garden

Accepted Scientific Name: Faucaria bosscheana (A.Berger) Schwantes
Z. Sukkulentenk. 2: 177 1926.

Origin and Habitat: South Africa (Cape province)

Description: Faucaria albidens is a local or morphological form of the widespread and variable Faucaria bosscheana. Faucaria albidens differs mainly for its beautiful white teeth and leaf margins which appear as if coated with white enamel and this accounts for the name albidens, which means white toothed. However the distinguishing characteristics of Faucaria albidens, appear to fall within the natural variation of Faucaria bosscheana and it should be synonymized with the latter, but it still has a value for a collector because they identify plants with particular characters.
Leaves: The species has compact rosettes with 5 or 6 pairs of leaves 2,5 cm long, wider in the middle, elongated, triangular and tapering they are fresh green with small dots, and the white margins have 3 to 5 recurved teeth.
Leaves: Small, glossy green leaves, dotted on surface, and a few whitish teeth.
Flower: Golden-yellow. Easily grown it blooms in late summer.

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Faucaria bosscheana group

  • Faucaria albidens" href='/Encyclopedia/SUCCULENTS/Family/Aizoaceae/17880/Faucaria_albidens'> Faucaria albidens N.E.Br. : has white teeth and leaf margins which appear as if coated with white enamel and this accounts for the name albidens, which means white toothed. Distribution: Cape province.
  • Faucaria bosscheana" href='/Encyclopedia/SUCCULENTS/Family/Aizoaceae/17876/Faucaria_bosscheana'> Faucaria bosscheana (A.Berger) Schwantes : has small, narrow, unmarked leaves with only 1 to 3 pairs of teeth. This species is quite variable. Distribution: Cape province.
  • Faucaria paucidens" href='/Encyclopedia/SUCCULENTS/Family/Aizoaceae/17882/Faucaria_paucidens'> Faucaria paucidens N.E.Br. : has glossy green, canoe-shaped leaves 3-5 cm long, 8-9 mm wide, below roundly keeled Mmargins horny-white with 1-3 denticles. Distribution: Cape province.

Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) John Robert Brown “Unusual Plants: 110 Spectacular Photographs of Succulents” Abbey Garden Press, 1954
2) S. H. Scott “The Observer's Book of Cacti and Other Succulents” F. Warne, 1958


Faucaria albidens Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli

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Cultivation and Propagation: Faucarias are la good choice for anyone wanting to start growing succulents. They are quite hardy and can take a short period of light frost and in very dry warm regions these succulents make very impressive out door ground covers. They need full sun to light shade with a well-drained soil mix, but can tolerate a wide variety of soil types and growing locations as long as there is plenty of sun. The plants are well watered during the growing season and allowed to dry thoroughly before watering again and will tolerate some over watering, but the challenge is to help them keep their compact form and prevent elongation of the stem. During the winter months, the plants should be kept very dry, only watering enough to keep the leaves from shrivelling.
As house plants they tend to grow in fair weather and rest when temperatures are too hot or too cool.
Propagation: Faucaria is very easy to start from seed. Seeds germinate in 7-14 days at 21°C. Although they will start from cuttings, it is quite difficult to get them to root. If they start to rot there is usually part of the plant that can be removed and possibly rooted.


Faucaria Species

Family: Aizoaceae (ay-zoh-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Faucaria (fow-KAR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: bosscheana
Synonym:Faucaria albidens
Synonym:Faucaria bosscheana var. bosscheana
Synonym:Faucaria kendrewensis
Synonym:Faucaria paucidens
Synonym:Faucaria peersii

Category:

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs Water regularly do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Foliage:

Foliage Color:

Height:

Spacing:

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Where to Grow:

Danger:

Bloom Color:

Bloom Characteristics:

Bloom Size:

Bloom Time:

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:

From seed winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed sow indoors before last frost

From seed direct sow after last frost

From seed germinate in a damp paper towel

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant break open to collect seeds

Allow seedheads to dry on plants remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Regional

This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Vista, California(9 reports)

Gardeners' Notes:

On Oct 8, 2007, Xenomorf from Phoenix, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Another synonym of this plant is Mesembryanthemum bosscheanum

On Mar 14, 2006, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a very non-tiger-like Tiger Jaws- some have no teeth at all. only white-lipped margins. These hardly even looked that related to the more common species with the teeth and warts. Like all Faucarias, eventually forms a mass/mound of plants and makes an attractive ground cover for pots and group plantings.

On Nov 17, 2005, cactus_lover from FSD,
Pakistan (Zone 10b) wrote:

Rhomboidal, green leaves 2-4 cm long with whitish margins and 2-8 marginal teeth.


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