There are varieties of potatoes, the name and taste of which you remember from childhood. These include Sineglazka potatoes. Unfortunately, scientists did not support the variety due to poor storage of large volumes of harvest. But in small plots for amateurs, the variety gives excellent yields and shows good keeping quality in small quantities. Sineglazka is very easy to grow, but it is imperative to follow agricultural techniques.
History, characteristics and description of the Sineglazka potato variety
There are a great many varieties of potatoes listed in the state register of Russia. But it turns out that there are varieties that are not officially approved for use, but elite potatoes could envy their popularity. I would like to talk about one of these varieties. It bears a tender name - Sineglazka.
Sineglazka is not officially approved for use, but for many years it has been grown in the gardens of amateurs.
The second name of Sineglazka sounds more masculine - Hannibal. Many believe that the variety is named after A.S.'s great-grandfather. Pushkin - Hannibal. But this is not the case. At that time, potatoes were a curiosity and the poet's great-grandfather really had a hand in experiments on a vegetable, but he had nothing to do with this variety.
The variety appeared after the war at the Institute of Starch Products. As a result of crossing cultivated and wild potatoes. The author was the breeder S.I. Domin, who assigned the variety the number 15555. Its name - Sineglazka, the hybrid received from another scientist B.P. Nazarenko, who tested the variety in the field.
Since the hybrid was tested at the Smolensk Experimental Station, it was from these places that it spread throughout Russia. The most suitable areas for its cultivation are the Central regions of Russia and areas located to the south.
Potatoes are mid-season varieties. The crop can be harvested 90 to 110 days after planting. From one hundred square meters, from 450 to 500 kg of large root crops are removed. Early onset of tuber formation is noted. But due to the extended period of their formation, the harvesting process can drag on until September. Sineglazka accumulates its best taste in August, it is during this period that the harvest begins. To enjoy the taste of young potatoes, you can slowly start digging out the tubers in the second half of July.
Sineglazka potatoes bring very good yields
Interestingly, Sineglazka received the unofficial name of the variety for amateur gardeners. Indeed, this potato is not grown on an industrial scale, as it is poorly stored.
Sineglazka has large spreading bushes with strong stems and a well-developed root system. The dark green leaves are medium in size. The foliage of the bush is strong. Flowers with light blue corollas are few in number, but flowering lasts a long time. The berries are practically not formed.
Sineglazka boasts large root crops, the average weight is from 150 to 200 g. The shape is not bumpy, rather leveled, oval-elongated, slightly flattened. The skin is thin, but strong, has a pinkish-gray-blue tint. There are not very many eyes, they are shallow and evenly distributed throughout the tuber. It is due to the fact that the eyes are painted in blue or blue-violet color, the potato got its name. The pulp is firm. The cut is white. The starch content in blue-eyed tubers can exceed the 15% threshold.
Sineglazka variety has white flesh
The taste of the variety is simply excellent. Sineglazka is universal in use - the vegetable is stewed, boiled, baked. According to many housewives, in order to find out the taste of real puree, it should be prepared only from Sineglazka.
With regard to disease resistance, we can say the following - Sineglazka perfectly resists scab, late blight, potato crayfish. Of the pests, the variety avoids the nematode and, according to some reports, the Colorado potato beetle.
Table: advantages and disadvantages
|Excellent yield||Poor keeping quality, but this is more likely to refer to large volumes of harvested root crops|
|Great taste||Potatoes can be damaged by wireworm|
|Disease resistance||The variety is prone to degeneration, and planting material is extremely difficult to find|
|Simple agricultural technology|
Many wonderful dishes are prepared from Sineglazka, but mashed potatoes made from this variety are considered a classic
It is no secret that the correct planting is a guarantee of more than a good harvest.
In the central part of Russia, you can start planting Sineglazki in early May. True, the weather can move the dates by a week or two. You can navigate by the birch leaves - as soon as they have blossomed, then the time has come. In areas to the south, potatoes can be planted earlier - in April.
For a tuber planted in the ground, it is extremely important that the ground at a depth of 10 cm warms up to 6 - 80FROM. If it is colder, the growth period may be delayed. The average daily temperature must be at least 100FROM.
Traditionally, potatoes are planted in early May.
On the southern coast of Crimea, seasoned gardeners plant potatoes in the so-called "February windows". And this is not surprising, the favorable climate allows the potatoes to grow before the beginning of the period of high temperatures, because when the thermometer reads above 26, the tubers stop developing.
Planting site and soil preparation
Sineglazka potatoes love good lighting. Therefore, try to find a flat area that is well lit by the sun. If you save space and grow under trees, then this will not lead to anything good - weak and elongated bushes will not please with the harvest. Flooded places are also not suitable - even a short flooding deprives the roots of oxygen, and they die. It is also desirable that the plantings be protected from strong winds by buildings or green spaces (such protection will be beneficial in terms of getting an earlier harvest).
For planting potatoes, you need to choose well-lit areas
The most preferred soils for planting are light, loose and fertile with neutral acidity. For the root system of Sineglazka, light loams or sandy loams are most suitable. It is they who are able to provide sufficient moisture and air exchange. The variety will grow well on sandy soils. Only in them, during preparation, you need to lay more nutrients, and watering should be done more often.
Heavy clay soils require a lot of sand, manure or humus. The soil structure improved in this way also becomes suitable for growing Sineglazka.
Dig up the site twice:
- Fall. Free the place under the potatoes from plant residues, scatter manure or humus over the surface - up to 6 kg per m. Carry out a deep digging on a shovel bayonet, simultaneously extracting the roots of perennial weeds from the ground. Try not to break up large clods of dirt. In the upper layers of the soil, pests have already settled down for wintering, which will freeze out under the influence of low temperatures in winter. During the winter, under the influence of winds and precipitation, large clods will disintegrate themselves.
In the fall, the earth is dug deep, the formed clods do not break
- Spring. Spring digging takes place in early April. The depth of processing this time is much less, it is enough to dig up only 15 cm. But this time the clods need to be broken down to small particles. Before starting treatment, sprinkle nitrogen-containing or complex fertilizers on the soil surface. Norm for 1 m2 indicated on the package.
In the spring, mineral fertilizers are applied for digging
Many gardeners apply nutrients directly to the hole or trench. In this case, the fertilizers must be thoroughly mixed with the ground, and only then the tuber must be laid.
Seed potato preparation
To obtain a good harvest, the quality of the tubers is of great importance. Potatoes selected for planting should be of medium size, free from damage and signs of disease.
You can plant potatoes without preliminary preparation, but the sprouted tuber will yield a harvest a couple of weeks earlier. The germination process itself is very simple and is as follows.
- A month before planting, sort out the planting material, rejecting damaged tubers.
- If dried soil remains on the tubers, it should be removed. To do this, you just need to soak the tubers in a bowl of water.
- Placed in shallow boxes or on racks, clean tubers are left in diffused light. If you have a large room, you can lay the tubers directly on the floor. In any case, potatoes are best stacked in one layer.
For germination, the tubers are placed in shallow boxes.
- The most suitable temperature in the room with the seed is 12 - 150FROM.
- Once a week, the tubers should be turned over and lightly sprinkled with water. It will be useful to ventilate the room itself.
- Tubers ready for planting should have strong bores at least 1 cm long. By the way, Sineglazka has purple sprouts - this is another distinctive feature of the variety.
Sineglazka's sprouts are powerful, colored blue-violet
To increase the yield of tubers, on the day of planting, they are warmed up and dried in the sun.
Immediately before planting, sprouted potatoes are dusted with ash and sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate and boric acid. For 10 liters of water, it is enough to take 1 g of preparations.
Planting scheme and crop rotation
So that the tall Sineglazka bushes are not deprived of light, the distance in the row spacing must be maintained from 60 to 70 cm. The tubers are planted after 40 cm. This gap contributes to the normal development of the root system.
On light, loose soils, the planting depth is 10 cm. Usually, potatoes are planted in holes or trenches that are suitable for the texture of the soil. To make the rows even, you need to plant it along the cord. It will be easier to take care of such plantings in the future.
Potatoes are embedded in the soil, which contains a lot of clay and differs in density, to a shallower depth - 7 - 8 cm.
In the flooded areas, it is necessary to make drainage grooves for the outflow of excess water. For such problem areas, planting potatoes on the ridges is used. With the help of a walk-behind tractor, it is very easy to make combs 15 cm high. A potato is placed in a hole dug at the top of the ridge.
So that potatoes do not get sick and bring a good harvest, you need to know the compatibility of vegetable crops. The best precursors for potatoes are:
On 6 acres, it is very difficult to observe crop rotation and correctly place vegetable crops. Savvy gardeners in such cases successfully use compacted plantings. So, for Sineglazka potatoes, beans will be an ideal neighbor in the garden. It takes up little space and has a beneficial effect on potatoes.
It is undesirable to plant potatoes after nightshades - tomatoes, peppers, eggplant. Also, you cannot plant these vegetables in the immediate vicinity of potatoes. The fact is that all these vegetables belonging to the same family accumulate similar diseases and pests, which are successfully shared with neighbors.
It is not recommended to plant potatoes in the area where nightshades used to grow.
Ideally, you can grow potatoes in the same place in 2 to 3 years. But it is not always possible to observe such a rule. To give the land to recover, you can sow the land with cereals immediately after harvesting the potatoes. Oats are especially suitable in this regard. He is able to inhibit disease-causing organisms and thereby disinfect the soil. During the winter, the oats will rot, and in the spring it can be embedded in the soil.
How to care for Sineglazka potatoes
Sineglazka potatoes are very unpretentious in care and do not require special approaches when growing.
Watering is perhaps the only care step that needs to be strictly controlled. The fact is that Sineglazka loves moderately moist soil. Lack of moisture or its excess will equally badly affect the quantity and quality of tubers.
Weather conditions are not stable every year. One year is rainy, the next - on the contrary, dry. Therefore, the watering of Sineglazka should be adjusted depending on the atmospheric precipitation. The period when watering is urgently needed can be determined by the appearance of the plant and the condition of the soil. If the plant looks drooping, and the ground has dried up to a depth of 10 cm, it is necessary to moisten it.
In years when there is an average amount of precipitation, watering should be carried out up to 3 times during the growing season. The intervals between humidification should be maintained at 1.5 - 2 weeks. The main watering is carried out:
- After germination.
- During the budding period.
- After flowering.
For normal humidification, 40 liters of water per 1 m is enough2. Irrigation is best done in the evening so that water drops do not provoke a sunburn on the tops. The most reliable way of watering is to use a hose with a spray at the end so that the beds do not wash out. For more economical use of water, a drip irrigation system is used.
Drip irrigation for potatoes will help more economical use of moisture
If the weather is hot, which contributes to the rapid evaporation of moisture, then after watering and loosening, you need to use mulch, covering its aisles. It is advisable to use dry grass as a mulching material.
Hilling and loosening
When growing Sineglazka, hilling should be carried out at least 2 times during the growth of potatoes.
- The first, after the tops have grown to 15 - 20 cm in height. If the hilling is done correctly, then the bush turns out to be covered with earth by almost a third. That is, the top of a bush with a height of 5 cm rises above the surface.
- The second is before flowering. In time, this is about 2 - 3 weeks after the first.
Hilling has a very beneficial effect on the development of potato tubers. With the existing threats of cold snap, this method will protect the tops from freezing. In addition, such bushes will grow more resilient and strong.
Hilling saves from recurrent cold weather and helps to increase the yield of potatoes
If the weather is hot, then you need to huddle in the evening. And it's best to do it after the rain. There is a double benefit from this. The soil that does not have time to dry will saturate the stems with moisture and stimulate the formation of additional stolons. In addition, the moist soil does not crumble from the formed mounds.
In addition to hilling, loosening is required after each moistening. The procedure helps to break down the formed crust, which interferes with the normal gas exchange in the roots. Another useful feature of loosening is weed control.
After watering, a crust forms on the surface of the earth, which prevents normal gas exchange in the tubers.
Soil cultivation in the aisles is stopped when the mass flowering of potatoes begins and the tops of the plants close. But if the weather is rainy, it is advisable to continue light loosening in order to ensure the flow of air to the tubers.
Gardeners, who prepared the soil for planting potatoes in accordance with all the rules, and made the necessary top dressing, do not feed Sineglazka during the growing season. With sufficient watering, the variety will yield a good harvest. But still it should be remembered that during the formation of tubers, potatoes take out a lot of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium from the soil. The lack of these elements will affect the quality of the tuber.Therefore, feeding Sineglazka, the gardener will be able to get a better harvest.
In the first phase of growth, potatoes consume more minerals, therefore, nitrogen-containing fertilizers (for example, nitroammophoska) introduced in the spring for digging or directly into the hole will ensure good growth.
Potatoes need nitrogen for good growth
Nitrogen must be added strictly according to the standards indicated on the package. Overfed potatoes will begin to build up a large amount of green mass to the detriment of root crops.
In the second half of the growing season, Sineglazka is in great need of organic nutrition. Manure contains all the trace elements necessary for the normal development of potatoes. 10 m2 make from 3 to 5 kg of well-rotted manure. Chicken droppings will also be useful for Sineglazka. The substance, well dried and ground into powder, is applied in an amount of 5 kg per 10 m2... You can apply top dressing in the form of a solution - the manure is diluted with water in a ratio of 1/5, and chicken droppings are 1/15. Organic matter in any form should be used only after watering before hilling.
We shouldn't forget about wood ash, which the famous breeder Lorkh considered the best food for potatoes. Ash not only reduces the acidity of the soil, but also improves the taste of potatoes. This substance is introduced, as a rule, during spring digging from 700 to 1000 g per 10 m2 or 1 tbsp per hole. l.
Dry wood ash is an excellent fertilizer for potatoes
Diseases and pests
Sineglazka potatoes are varieties with good immunity. But low-quality planting material can call into question the resistance to many diseases.
Table: diseases and pests affecting Sineglazka
|Diseases and pests||How do they manifest||Control measures||Prophylaxis|
|Fomoz||The first symptoms of the disease appear during potato flowering. An oblong spot appears at the base of the leaf petiole, which soon girdles the stem. On the surface, places of accumulation of fungal spores are visible. Affected stems die off, and the fungus enters the tubers. A dug-out potato has impressed rounded spots. In the affected pulp, cavities are formed, filled with mycelium. Such potatoes are not stored.|
|Leaf curl virus||The color of the infected bush changes - a yellow color appears on the upper side of the leaf, pinkish on the lower. The leaves twist along the central vein, acquiring the shape of a boat or tubule. The leaf plate becomes rigid, breaks when touched. The tuber section shows signs of reticular necrosis.||Chemicals do not treat disease. The affected bush is urgently isolated from healthy ones. To do this, trying not to touch the neighboring bushes, they dig it together with the tubers and burn it.|
|Strip mosaic||During budding, on the lower leaves, dead tissue spots of a dark color appear. On the surface of the entire leaf, there are thin stripes along the veins. Necrosis gradually captures the entire leaf with a petiole, after which the leaf plate dries up and falls. The leafless bush ceases to feed the tubers, as a result of which the yield loss can be up to 90%.|
|Potato moth||The potato moth lays a clutch of eggs near the petiole on the inner side of the leaf. The caterpillars emerging from them gnaw the leafworms in the pulp without violating the integrity of the outer cover. As a result, the damaged tops dries up. The caterpillar can reach additional roots if they are located close to the surface. The damaged potato starts to rot.||Before flowering, spray the bushes with Isroy, Cytocor or Tsipershans. After flowering and no later than 20 days before harvesting, use biological products Bitoxibacillin or Lepidocid.|
|Wireworm||The larva of the click beetle, covered with a heavy hard cover, damages roots and tubers, gnawing out their passages. The damaged root crop is not stored for a long time.||You can use drugs Pochin or Bazudin mixed with sand. 1 spoon of the mixture is added to the hole when planting.|
|Medvedka||The bear and its larva tears and gnaws at the root, damages the stem, gnaws small cavities into the tuber, which makes the potatoes unsuitable for storage. Bushes with damaged roots dry out, tubers do not develop.|
Photo gallery: how to recognize diseases and pests
Harvesting and storage
If it rains at the time of harvesting potatoes, you need to wait a little. It is preferable to dig Sineglazka in dry weather, having previously mowed the tops at a height of 10 cm from the soil level in 10-14 days. Thus, the outflow of nutrients from the tubers will stop, which will improve ripening.
It is best to dig out potatoes from the side of the row spacing. For digging, you need to use a pitchfork, this will reduce the risk of damage to the potatoes. The harvested crop is left for a couple of hours in the fresh air so that the tubers dry out as follows. Then the potatoes are transferred under the shed and sorted. Damaged tubers are left for consumption, and the rest of the crop is laid out in boxes and sent to a dark room with a temperature of 15-180C. Within a month, the peel hardens on the potatoes, the taste improves. After that, the tubers are sent to the place of permanent storage at an average temperature of 20With and humidity 85 - 90%.
The store must be equipped with a ventilation system. During storage, the potatoes are periodically sorted out, breaking off the sprouts and removing rotten tubers. First, small and medium potatoes are used for food, and then large tubers.
Sineglazka potatoes are stored in small quantities almost all winter
Reviews of potatoes
The unpretentious potato variety Sineglazka, as they say, is passed from hand to hand. But unfortunately, in recent years it has become almost impossible to get the legendary variety. But if you are lucky enough to get planting material of your favorite variety, then you will definitely not be left without a crop.
[Votes: 1 Average: 5]
Honeysuckle Sineglazka - Plant Nursery Siberian Garden
- Breeding history
- Botanical description
- Frost and drought resistance
- Fruiting, productivity
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Pros and cons
- Care rules
- Seed propagation of honeysuckle
- Propagation by cuttings
- Combined cuttings
- Propagation by green cuttings
- Breeding process by layering
- How to propagate honeysuckle by dividing a bush
- Diseases and pests
A good harvest directly depends on a combination of factors - timing, soil preparation and planting material.
If you adhere to signs, then old people advise planting potatoes when the leaves on the birch are blooming. For Central Russia, this period falls on the first half of May. This sign is great for planting Lorkh potatoes. Of course, weather conditions greatly affect the timing, so sometimes work starts in early May, sometimes after a week or two.
You need to plant potatoes when the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms up to 6 - 80C. If the ground is cold, the growing season will be delayed.
They start planting Lorkh potatoes as soon as leaves appear on the birch
Site selection and soil preparation
Lorkh potatoes are grown in open and flat areas that are well lit by sunlight. Shading will provoke stem elongation and poor flowering. A weakened bush will not yield a good harvest.
The variety can be cultivated on almost any soil. But still, so that your work is not wasted, preference should be given to cultivated fertile soils, for example, light loam and sandy loam. A large amount of oxygen is important for the development of the tuber, therefore the looseness of the soil and its permeability are of great importance. On denser, clayey soils, potatoes will later sprout. The tubers will be small and misshapen. And with high humidity, the tubers can completely rot.
It is imperative to prepare the soil for planting. Start the process ahead of time, in the fall.
- On the site, remove the remnants of previously grown crops.
- Then carry out peeling - surface loosening of the soil, which helps to increase fertility and reduce moisture evaporation.
- After 2 weeks, dig up the earth deep, 30 cm. Do not break the earth clods. During the winter, pests that have already settled down for wintering in the upper layers of the earth will freeze out. In addition, the lumps will hold back the snow cover and in the spring the earth will be properly saturated with moisture.
During the autumn digging, organic matter is introduced. Manure is scattered on the surface of the earth and dug up. On 1 m2, you can add from 4 to 6 kg of manure, you can even not rotted.
Under the autumn digging, organic matter must be brought in
Another digging is carried out in the spring. But it is produced at the moment when the topsoil has dried out and the earth begins to crumble. The depth of soil cultivation is more superficial, it will be enough to turn over a layer of soil 15 cm deep. Do not forget to choose the roots of perennial grasses and pest larvae.
Under the spring digging, nitrogen is introduced, which will help the potatoes to productively use the moisture remaining in the soil and form a crop of tubers. You can also use formulations that include a complex of minerals. When calculating the dose to apply, be sure to follow the instructions on the package.
In the spring, under the digging, nitrogen-containing fertilizers must be added
Compliance with crop rotation
In order for Lorkh potatoes to please with the harvest and not catch unwanted diseases, you should choose the right plants-predecessors. The best crops for later growing potatoes:
The lands on which the representatives of the nightshade were grown, primarily tomatoes, as well as sunflowers and sorghum, accumulate pathogens and pests that are dangerous for Lorkh potatoes.
Experts recommend sowing oats a year before planting potatoes. This plant has disinfecting properties and is capable of inhibiting the vital activity of fungal pathogens of potato diseases. Oats grown in the fall are left for the winter, and in the spring they are buried in the soil when digging.
It will be possible to grow potatoes in the same place only after 3 years.
Lorch potatoes should be planted after root vegetables, cabbage and legumes
Selection and preparation of seed
It is necessary to treat the choice of planting material with all responsibility, because this is one of the main factors for a successful harvest. It is advisable to select tubers of the same size and shape, weighing 80 g from the most productive bushes even during the collection of potatoes. Root crops must be absolutely whole, without flaw.
Often, gardeners cut large potato tubers into pieces, thus saving on planting material. In the case of Lorch potatoes, this method is not entirely suitable. A potato cut into pieces will show a low yield.
You can plant potatoes without sprouts. But a pre-germinated tuber will sprout 2 weeks earlier. This is especially true in regions with short summers. The germination process is simple and you need to start it a month before planting.
Potato sprouts must be strong, not less than 1 cm
Here are some tips to follow during the germination process:
Seed potato preparation - video
Lorkh potatoes are a rather tall plant, so the planting pattern is slightly different from medium-sized varieties. The distance between the bushes increases slightly and is 35 cm, also in the aisle - 70 cm. Thus, the planting does not thicken and the plants will be provided with plenty of light.
The planting depth of the tuber on loose soils is 10 cm.On heavy loams, the planting is shallower - 8 cm.
You can plant Lorkh potatoes in pits or holes, trenches and on ridges.
- In the holes, or as they say - under a shovel, they are planted in small areas. It's easier to work together. One digs holes need depth, the other puts tubers in them and pours in fertilizers, if necessary. But this method cannot be used in areas where groundwater comes too close to the surface.
Traditionally, in vegetable gardens, potatoes are planted in holes
The trenching method is used on sandy soils that quickly lose moisture.In the fall, they dig trenches 30 cm deep and lay in them raw hay, with a layer of 15 cm. Sprinkle with manure on top, quite a bit. Ash can also be used. It contains potassium. And the Colorado potato beetle does not tolerate ash.
You can also plant potatoes in trenches.
Ridge planting is carried out in places where groundwater flows close to the surface or the soil is too heavy. Combs with a height of 15 cm are easiest to make with a walk-behind tractor. The tubers are planted in pits on the surface of the ridge. They are cared for in the same way as for a normal planting.
In places with a high location of groundwater, potatoes are planted using the ridge method
Experts advise placing sprouted Lorkh potatoes with sprouts down. This stimulates the formation of strong, strong bushes, which promotes a good harvest.
Planting potatoes according to Meathlider - video
Features of growing technology
Potatoes, like any other crop, require care, so gardeners should follow a number of rules.
To get the harvest earlier, which is especially important for the southern regions, where it is possible to grow a double harvest, the potatoes are pre-germinated. 15 days before planting, it is placed in a thin layer in boxes and placed in the light at + 150C to peck the eyes. In this case, the culling of damaged and diseased tubers is carried out. Potatoes are periodically turned over for uniform illumination. If the weather is cold and damp in spring, the sprouted tubers are temporarily laid out in boxes with wet sawdust soaked in liquid fertilizer.
Gardeners often sprout potatoes in clear bags. A dozen holes are made in them, tubers are laid, tied and hung in the light. The bag should not be exposed to the sun. Thanks to the greenhouse effect, the sprouts appear very quickly.
You can germinate potatoes by drying them. To do this, root crops are laid out in the basement or attic 15 days before disembarkation.
Important. Planting sprouted Riviera tubers on the plot makes it possible to get a crop a week earlier, and its volume can almost double.
Potatoes prefer to grow in open places, well lit by the sun, without close groundwater - they should be located 70 cm below ground level. When grown in shaded, damp places, the risk of fungal diseases of the plants increases.
The site needs to be prepared in the fall: remove tops and weeds, dig up the soil to a depth of 15 cm, add organic fertilizers (10 kg of manure per 1 m 2). Planting areas can be sown with white mustard, which will have time to rise before frost and, in a green state, go under the snow. They dig up the soil in the spring.
Plant potatoes in fertilized soil
Potatoes should be planted in the Middle Lane no earlier than mid-April: by this time the earth should warm up well (up to + 120C). The tubers are saturated with nutrients in the soil and quickly adapt to the new environment. Planting times may vary depending on the growing region and weather. With the threat of recurrent frosts, the seedlings are covered with a film.
The future harvest depends not only on the variety and proper care, but also on the quality of the planting material. For seed potatoes, medium-sized tubers weighing 40–70 g, regular shape, without signs of disease, with a large number of eyes are selected. Experienced gardeners prefer to use large root crops weighing 100 g or more for planting. About 40 tubers are needed per 100 m2. With a shortage of planting material, the tubers are divided into parts so that each has at least 3 eyes.
Medium-sized tubers are selected for seed
Important. The emergence of sprouts can be accelerated by spraying with an ash solution (400 g 4 l, insist a day) in the second week of germination.
Before planting, the tubers are disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour, then powdered with ash - such preventive measures are necessary to prevent diseases. When planting potatoes, you should try not to damage the sprouts - this can lead to a slower pace of development of the plant.
Riviera grows well in any soil, but it is advisable not to plant potatoes on heavy clay soil... Tubers develop best in moderately moist sandy loam soil or well-fertilized sandy soil. The soil should be warm, loose, the depth of the planting holes is 6 cm, which is much less than that of other early maturing varieties. When planting, it is worth considering the size of future tubers, therefore, leave an interval of 35 cm between plants, 60 cm between rows. With more frequent planting, tubers are formed of medium size.
You can get two crops of Riviera potatoes in one season
When planting, 700 g of humus and 75 g of ash or 15 g of nitrophoska are introduced into the hole. You can add onion husks to repel wireworms. It is not recommended to apply fresh manure in the spring: an unpleasant fruit taste or wateriness may appear. In addition, young manure containing pathogenic microbes is often a source of infection.
Traditional planting methods are ridge and trench. Ridge planting is carried out where the soil suffers from waterlogging. The tubers are planted in ridges 15 cm high. In an arid climate, on sandy soils, they are planted in trenches.
Furrows are directed from north to south. In this direction, the rows are evenly illuminated and get enough heat. Roots will develop and potato tubers will form only when the soil warms up to + 70C. With an increase in temperature to + 220C, they begin to grow more intensively. However, in heat above + 250C or light frosts, the growth of tubers is delayed.
In an arid climate, on sandy soil, they are planted in trenches
On a note. Riviera potatoes may not bloom, which is explained by the early timing of the crop formation: the plant simply does not have time to bloom. However, this does not affect the yield in any way. In extreme heat (above + 25 ° C), the bush can shed its buds.
The secret of planting potatoes - video
Another very early and high-yielding potato variety is Bellarosa. The variety is drought tolerant and suitable for most types of soils. The bush is tall, with reddish-purple flowers. The tuber is round-oval, with pink skin. The pulp is light yellow, with high taste. The beautiful presentation and good keeping quality of this variety make it popular and well-sold. Bellarose potatoes are highly resistant to viruses and diseases. Productivity - 320 kg / ha and more.
Diseases and pests
Potato variety "Chugunok" is resistant to diseases and pests. Tubers are not attacked by viruses, mosaics, black leg and potato crayfish. Development of late blight is sometimes noted. You can fight this unpleasant phenomenon with the help of preparations containing copper. When pests (wireworm and Colorado potato beetle) are found, the bushes are sprayed with Tabu, Lightning, Aktara, Apache preparations.
Read also an article on the topic: Ways to protect potatoes from wireworms
Variety "Chugunok" definitely deserves attention. Root crops are large, beautiful and easy to care for. If you want to enjoy the extraordinary taste of snacks and hot potato dishes, then be sure to plant this dark purple miracle on the site. You will not regret!