With the onset of winter, when the harvest has long been harvested, and the plants need more care, gardeners can fully enjoy relaxing within the walls of a cozy home or devote time to activities for which there was never enough time in warm weather. But since winter in recent years has been characterized by its instability, and severe frosts come to replace an unexpected thaw, experienced gardeners are always ready to take time to carry out winter work in the garden and protect green spaces.
We put things in order in the garden and flower garden
Before the onset of frost, delicate varieties of roses, hibiscus, hydrangeas, as well as other flowering shrubs and young fruit trees must have been carefully wrapped and covered with agrofibre. Now, after a severe bad weather, it will not be superfluous to check the condition of the protective structure and, if necessary, correct it.
When examining trees, special attention should be paid to young shoots, which can simply break under the weight of snow. All the foliage left over from the fall must be removed, and the snow must be carefully knocked off the branches. Having found a broken branch, the damaged area must be immediately covered with garden pitch.
Some varieties of conifers also break under the weight of the snow cover. A shelter in the form of a hut will protect the delicate branches of juniper and thuja
The lack of snow also has a bad effect on the wintering of plants. Snow protects their root system from frost, and the aerial part from the temptation to wake up. Therefore, the snow must be raked from the paths to the bushes and trees with a mound, covering not only the base, but also the forks of the skeletal branches of the crown.
You can learn how to make a good snow shovel from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/tech/kak-sdelat-lopatu-dlya-uborki-snega.html
The snowless winter is also dangerous for strawberries. To protect plant roots located close to the surface, cover them with branches, sawdust or brushwood. They will hold back the blowing of snow from the strawberry patch.
The winter sun is deceptive: even when not heated at full strength, it can leave burns on tree trunks. Whitewashing will protect the bark of trees from cracking and frost cracks. On warm winter days, when the air temperature does not drop below zero degrees, you can even carry out air abstraction and wood cuttings. At this time, it is convenient to trim and repair hedges.
In warm regions, this time is considered favorable for pruning fruit and berry bushes, stone fruit trees and ornamental varieties.
The only exceptions are varieties that bloom on the shoots of last year in spring or early summer. For example: mock orange, forsythia, lilac, clematis - they can be cut off only after flowering. The rhizomes and bulbs of heat-loving crops dug up in the fall also need to be periodically reviewed and aired.
Protecting plants from rodents and pests
A young garden also needs protection from pests. You can save tree trunks from rodents by painting the trunks with special paint, tar or carbolic acid.
To protect against rodent encroachment, fruit tree trunks can be wrapped with covering material or metal mesh
If snow falls plentifully in winter, additional protection of the tree bark can be provided by covering the trunks with snow and compacting it at the base of the boles.
An ice crust can also act as an effective protection for tree bark from mice. Therefore, in addition to trampling snow along the near-stem circle, you can water this piece of land several times with water. During this period, it is convenient to identify the winter nests of the golden-tailed and hawthorn among the bare tree branches. It is easier to cut out the eggs of the gypsy moth testicles with a pruner right with the branches. Mummified fruits, which are sources of disease, should be removed from the branches of fruit trees. And to get rid of powdery mildew spores on gooseberries or currants, it is enough to pour hot water on berry bushes.
Harvesting and sowing seeds
Winter varieties of Brussels sprouts, broccoli, spinach, parsnips, leeks and a variety of greens, even in the cold season, continue to delight with harvest
The optimal conditions for germination of some flowers are cold soil and air temperatures. Therefore, such annuals as poppy, grass, marigolds, calendula and lavender can be sown not only in autumn, but also in winter.
In February, when the threat of the return of severe frosts is over, greens and carrots can be sown. Even the newly fallen snow will not harm them in any way.
Household work in the garden
Winter is the best time to renovate flower beds and arches, fences and garden furniture. During this period, you can start making props, which will be needed in the summer to install abundantly fruiting trees under the branches.
Sunny winter days can be devoted to the arrangement of garden paths, the construction of a rockery or rock garden
If the soil is not frozen in winter, then even on free days you can start arranging a decorative pond or dry stream.
Do not forget about the little helpers who destroy pests on the site - feathered friends. Winter is a real test for them, because under the thickness of the snow they do not always manage to find the food they need to maintain their vitality.
A feeder filled with cereals, seeds and pieces of bacon will be a real salvation for birds in winter.
Well, and most importantly, winter is the time to make plans for changing the landscape design, which can be implemented in the spring.
Rate the article:
(5 votes, average: 3.8 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
Yes, the weather this year has constantly surprised gardeners. The threshold of winter was no exception.
It is not clear where it came from "tropical" (and this is what the forecasters called it), the warmth extended the autumn weather in most of the territory of our country, at least for a month.
And this was another stress for the plants in our gardens.
URGENT WORKS IN THE GARDEN - FROM ABNORMAL WEATHER
On the calendar - the beginning of winter, and the care of the garden in winter has not yet begun!
Moreover, some early flowering trees and shrubs have begun to prepare for the coming of the new spring. Many had buds, some began to grow buds, which must be carefully cut off.
And what kind of expanse is there for pests!
Can you imagine how many of them managed to be born? And the wintering ones settled comfortably in the near-trunk circles, cracks in the bark, uncleaned heaps of garbage, purchased fresh manure.
Therefore, now urgently carry out all the repeated work and processing, which we wrote about in our article: "Control of wintering pests".
Check all covered trunk circles. The cold has already come, but there is no snow yet. Therefore, add dry leaves, add spruce branches, again (if necessary) cover it on top with a non-woven covering material.
Due to the sharp changes in temperature, many fruit trees were struck by various infectious diseases, including such a terrible one as black cancer. You need to get rid of them only now.
Buy vials of dry antibiotics from your pharmacy. The most effective is Cefotaxime. Dilute one bottle with water (1 L) and spray well the entire center conductor and all lateral branches using a spray nozzle.
Especially carefully treat those places where the bark has turned black and began to flake off. These places must also be bandaged from above with an ordinary wide bandage, well moistened with the same solution.
After the bandage dries, whitewash the trunk (even if it has already been done before) and the forks of the lower skeletal branches with a commercially available whitewash, adding 1 more vial of antibiotic diluted in 200 g of water to it.
This remedy will save trees from most infectious diseases. In the initial stages, it will cope with black cancer.
Another important problem is the birds left to winter in your area. This year, many migratory birds did not fly away because of the long autumn heat.
Now winter is coming, frosts will break out. And they will have nowhere to take food. Therefore, birds can only expect help from humans!
Help them as much as you can! Make the simplest feeders out of milk and juice bags. Do not cut off the lid so that the food does not fall asleep. Cut small semicircular holes on the side so that the birds can safely get inside.
Hang such feeders on tree branches and shrubs and regularly fill them with seeds, bread crumbs, and millet.
Birds are very intelligent and grateful creatures. They will not fly away from you and in the spring-summer period they will completely cleanse your garden from uninvited pests!
You can also make birdhouses for them by stuffing dry hay inside to make it easier for them to endure the winter cold. Under no circumstances should the bottom wall between the floor and the taphole be planed. It should be rough so that the birds can easily climb and fall along it in their house, clinging to irregularities with their thin claws.
After completing all these works, you can assume that you are ready to take care of the garden in winter, but this is not so.
DIDN'T MAKE IT IN AUTUMN - FINISH NOW
Please read our published article carefully: “Preparing an orchard for winter”.Then you will immediately see what pre-winter work you have not yet had time to do and you can calmly finish them now.
In addition to the pre-winter work, the following should be done now.
Examine your perennial flowers. Undoubtedly, you have already covered well and wrapped non-woven fabric with hybrid tea roses, hydrangeas, hibiscus, young magnolia seedlings and other thermophilic ornamental plants.
Now it is necessary to check the created structures and, if necessary, create additional shelters above them from wooden boxes, shields, polycarbonate and other materials.
HOUSEHOLD WORKS IN THE WINTER GARDEN AND FUTURE PLANS
Maintenance of the garden in winter also includes repair and construction work on the site.
Winter is the best time to renovate greenhouses, greenhouses, flower beds, curbs, fences and other outbuildings.
At this time, you can prepare props for branches with fruits, stakes for planting new trees.
In winter, you can start building a rockery or rock garden, a dry stream or an artificial pond.
Read our articles for more details:
Winter is a great time to analyze past mistakes, to plan the planting of new crops, draw up crop rotations, and buy seeds for the next season.
MAIN WINTER WORKS IN THE GARDEN - PROTECTION AGAINST ICE RAINS AND SNOWFALLS
In recent years, these negative phenomena very often began to occur in most of the territory of our country, and you constantly need to be prepared for them.
With the onset of a stable winter in the garden, you constantly need to shake off loose snow from the branches of trees and shrubs, from tall flowers, as well as from the roofs of various structures. Indeed, in the last 5 years (according to statistics), more than 30 percent of polycarbonate greenhouses have "collapsed" as a result of snowfalls and freezing rains.
By the way, for the winter it is necessary to put additional supports in them in order to keep the roof in a horizontal state. From loose snow and freezing rain, even in very powerful fruit trees, branches can begin to break, because it is in winter that trees are so fragile. Therefore, you need to shake off the snow very carefully.
A long, sturdy wooden pole with a powerful hook at the end is a great tool for this.
With this hook, you can hook the highest branch and gently shake off the snow.
WATCH FOR WEATHER CAPRICES AND CORRECT THEM!
In recent years, cold winters without snow ("black" winters) have come to us. They are very dangerous for everyone, even the most hardy plants. In this case, urgently insulate the roots of all fruit and ornamental plants.
Fill the trunks with humus, compost, rotted manure, straw, hay, spruce branches. Cover them with old quilted jackets, quilts, woolen clothes.
In spring, when there are strong thaws, dig drainage ditches in the snow so that the water does not stand around the root collar of plants and does not cause it to warm up.
Protect your green pets from rodents by tying spruce branches to the trunks with the needles up and constantly trampling the snow around the trunks so that mice and voles cannot make numerous moves in the snow to the tasty wood of especially young plants.
This is also a very important garden maintenance in winter!
TIME TO THINK ABOUT WINTER SEEDING
As soon as the ground freezes, you can start sowing vegetables in the winter in the garden. We told you in great detail how to prepare beds for them, how to sow, what crops and what varieties can be used for them.
Read about this in our article. "Winter crops".
We have told you in detail how to properly organize the care of the garden in winter. If you follow all our recommendations, then next year you will have much less hassle!
How to maintain your garden in winter
This strange winter is coming to an end. The December rains are over. February frosts hit, and now it's already March in the yard. The sun is shining brighter and brighter.
The "friends of honeysuckle" - bullfinches - arrived. And the soul, worried in the first half of winter, for some reason calms down.
After all, whatever you do, whatever you undertake, but summer will come again, the trees will open their buds, the flowers will release their buds, and bees will fly to the opened flowers. Nature will return everything back to normal.
True, not all plants will be able to calmly endure those climate surprises that nature has presented to us this year.
It is very good that this year was such a long, rainy and protracted autumn. If frosts hit in November and continued as expected until spring, the percentage of plant death would be more significant.
The fact is that hot and dry summers have significantly lowered the level of groundwater. When digging plants in September-October, we were faced with the fact that already at a depth of 10-30 cm, clods of earth were practically dry.
And this led to the fact that in October the plants were not prepared for wintering. But the warm and rainy weather in December made it possible for the plants to drink plenty of water and prepare for the coming frosts.
For perennial flowers, certain abnormal behavior was observed in primroses, phloxes, some varieties of peonies, delphiniums, irises, and some varieties of daylilies. They partially released arrows in mid-January. But that's okay.
In our experience, even if some sprouts freeze, there are always spare buds that will open in a more favorable period. But I'll make a reservation right away - this applies only to those plants that were grown in our climatic zone. No particular problems were observed in conifers.
The only remark is that this year, to facilitate wintering, it is better to cover them from spring sunburns with gauze. If earlier we covered plants only in the first wintering, then this year we can make a shelter for most conifers in the sun.
The shrubs, especially those grown under our conditions and from our seeds, behaved surprisingly well. Only on some willows and willows did partial bud opening occur, and even then only up to the cannon stage.
It was very interesting to look at the fully opened hazel earrings. There is a sign - as soon as the hazel releases earrings, then it's time to sow radishes. But this year, this sign, like most others, is no longer valid.
Of course, the unfavorable factors include frosts that hit the ground unprotected by snow.Many bulbous babies, driven out of the ground by deceptive warmth, managed to release roots and a young sprout.
Therefore, their death is likely, but their older brothers sit quietly. And only the Dutch onion sets and some decorative bows fell short of their expectations and released early arrows.
By the way, the shelter with peat after the first frost played a very good role in this case. Peat is a universal heat insulator. It not only prevents the soil from freezing, but also during winter thaws keeps the soil covered by it in a frost-bitten state for a long time, and plants are in no hurry to perceive the winter thaw in early spring.
There is only one thing left - after the snow has completely melted, sprinkle the peat with chalk and rake it all over the bed. Moreover, due to the fact that peat thaws to a shallow depth, it is necessary to rake it layer by layer, in several stages.
Deoxidized peat is a good mulching material, and after the introduction of nitrogenous fertilizers into it, it turns into humus in a short time.
In our opinion, compliance with agrotechnical measures inherent in our climatic zone can significantly help plants in adverse weather conditions.
The main thing is not to overdo it in plant care. And there is no need to arrange periodic emergency work on the site. Give it a few hours every day and you'll be fine.
general director of the company "Mika"
Works in the snowy garden
The snow that has fallen will give rise to work - first of all, to clear the paths. Since it always drops out suddenly, you need to prepare in advance for the arrival of winter. To do this, you need to stock up on traditional felt boots with galoshes (nothing better so far mankind has come up with) and a reliable, strong shovel. All this should be at hand, somewhere in the hallway of your country house or in the garage, to which you still have to break through the snowdrifts. For the most prudent, a rescue snow shovel is stored in the city or in the trunk of a car. After the paths are cleaned, it is not recommended to sprinkle them with something other than sand.
Falling snow will ask for work
I am reminded of the heavy January snowfall that caught me in London a few years ago. There it took on the scale of a natural disaster, like a flood or a volcanic eruption. The municipal authorities were not ready to clear the streets. The impression is that they have no special equipment there, in England. Everyone did his best at his home, the snow was cleared by hand, and the paths from the ice were sprinkled with ordinary table salt. This product was swept off the shelves instantly, so it was impossible to buy salt for another whole month! The snow melted by itself in a couple of days, but the salty rivers managed to cause significant damage to the surrounding vegetation.
You can choose a good snow shovel for a summer cottage or a car in our market, which brings together large online stores. Check out our selection of Snow Shovels.
We spread the snow from the paths evenly in different directions in such a way as to increase the thickness of the snow cover in flower beds and rose gardens. After all, there is nothing better for preserving plants from the winter cold than a thick snow "coat". This also applies to plantings of strawberries, the bushes of which, as you know, bulge from frost.
Snow from the paths is evenly scattered in such a way as to increase the thickness of the snow cover in flower beds and rose gardens
After heavy snowfalls, you can try to shake off the snow from the branches of trees and bushes. This can be done with a rake, gently tapping them on trunks and large skeletal branches.
It is in winter that it is best to carry out preventive pouring of boiling water over currant bushes to combat currant mites. It is better not to postpone this event in the spring, as this culture wakes up very early (and you can be late). See the video for how to do this.
How to reduce harm from freezing rain
A special case is freezing rain. Although this weather phenomenon does not happen every year, just in case you need to be prepared for it. The total icing of everything and everyone turns the garden and surroundings into something magical, similar to the palaces of the Snow Queen. But the beauty of ice glaze is deceiving: it can do great harm to any plantings. The branches of fruit trees break under the weight of the ice and the snow that has fallen after them. In conifers, literally every needle is covered with glaze, and they lose their shape. A hedge of deciduous shrubs turns into shapeless disheveled bushes, which lie on the ground, and then hardly regain their former appearance. The lilac lodges, the hollow stems of the mock-mushrooms split, and the fragile hydrangeas break first.
The beauty of ice glaze is deceiving
What can you do to minimize the negative effects of freezing rain? First of all, take preventive measures. Fruit trees, correctly formed by proper pruning, resist icing better. Their crown must be thinned regularly, trying to form branches in such a way that the angle between them and the central trunk does not exceed 45 °.
Strong stakes and stretch marks should be placed next to young seedlings. The same applies to the fragile bushes of panicle hydrangeas and grafted lilacs on boles. It is a good idea to secure a free-form hedge with a rope or signal tape, fixing its ends of the garter on a fence or on specially driven stakes.
Strong stakes and stretch marks should be placed next to young seedlings.
Why destroy the snow crust
Few people worry about the negative phenomenon associated with freezing rain and winds such as the appearance of a hard crust on the surface of the snow. By itself, it will not disappear, it will only become denser with new snowfalls. The crust does not allow air to pass through, so it should be destroyed if possible. Perennial crops wintering under the snow, and most importantly, the lawn, suffer from lack of air. Without oxygen, grasses (and under the white "fur coat" they remain green all winter) die, and in the spring the green carpet will require repair.
The crust does not allow air to pass through, so it should be destroyed if possible
You can destroy the ice crust with the help of a pitchfork, turning them back and forth, but then you have to climb through the snowdrifts, drowning in the snow. In such cases, it is better to use a conventional cultivator with a toothed wheel at the end, which is attached to a long handle. The working grip of such a tool is much larger than that of a pitchfork.
You can familiarize yourself with the catalog of garden tools and calmly choose everything you need for the next season in our market. Take a look at the section Gardening tools for the dacha.